The Foster Report

CHAPTER 5:
The Practices of Scientology

"If a man wants to be psychoanalysed, he ought to have his head examined".

- attributed to Sam Goldwyn.

119. The practices of Scientology in relation to its followers can conveniently be described through the three consecutive phases of recruitment, contracts, and processing.

(a) Recruitment

120. The recruitment of new Scientologists is carried on in a number ways, such as advertising by hand-bills, follow-up letters. and direct face-to-face salesmanship.

121. Typical hand-bills, handed to passers by in the street, will contain passages such as these:-

ATTEND THE FREE PERSONAL EFFICIENCY COURSE

SCIENTOLOGY IS EXPANDING

SCIENTOLOGY IS FOR YOU!

LEAM TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS IN YOUR LIFE

BECOME MORE EFFICIENT

TAKE THIS FREE COURSE

LEAM WHAT YOUR LIFE IS ALL ABOUT (10)

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DIANETICS NOW COMPLETELY ERASES THOSE THINGS WHICH MAKE A PERSON SUSCEPTIBLE TO AND HOLD IN PLACE PHYSICAL ILLNESS

THE END PRODUCT OF DIANETICS IS A HAPPY, WELL, HIGH IQ PERSON

LEAM THE SKILLS OF DIANETIC AUDITING

ENROL NOW ON THE FANTASTIC HUBBARD STANDARD DIANETICS COURSE

DIANETICS IS THE ANSWER TO THE HUMAN MIND

WHEN YOU HAVE THE ANSWER TO THE HUMAN MIND ANYTHING CAUSED BY THE HUMAN MIND CAN BE REMEDIED

BECOME A STANDARD DIANETIC AUDITOR


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(110) Copyright 1968 by L. Ron Hubbard.

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TAKE THE FANTASTIC NEW HUBBARD STANDARD DIANETICS COURSE AND LEAM ALL ABOUT

--------

JOIN THE CRUSADE TO MAKE A HEALTHY ENGLAND

WHY BE TIRED?

WHY BE IN PAIN?

WHY FEEL BAD?

THE ANSWERS TO HUMAN SUFFERING HAVE BEEN FOUND WITH DIANETICS. (14)

122. Clubs, groups and professional men are frequently sent circulars containing similar material. Anyone evincing the slightest interest - by attending one of the free lectures or buying a book - stands a fair chance of receiving a number of personal follow-up letters (if his address is known) on such lines as:-
"Honey, come to St. Hill real soon for your upper levels of Processing and Training and expand on your road to freedom! Write me soon".

"Did you get any data out of the book "A New Slant on Life" which you could apply to your own life? I really do want to hear from you on this, as I am interested".

In none of these documents is there any suggestion that Scientology is a religion.

123. The persistence of the follow-up is sometimes quite remarkable. In one case, someone who received auditing in 1965, and then lost interest, has had no fewer than 27 pressing communications through the post in an endeavour to bring them back into the fold. One, in 1968, was in these terms:-

"LONDON ORGANIZATION
QUALIFICATIONS DIVISION
EXAMINATIONS DEPARTMENT

SUMMONS

Name: ...........................            Date.........

Course: ..............................

Dear.......................

It has come to the attention of the Department that you have failed to:

a. continue on the road to Total Freedom

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(111) Copyright 1969 by L. Ron Hubbard. The advertised price of this course was 125.
(112) Copyright 1969 by L. Ron Hubbard.

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b. have not been auditing

c. have been building a large Ethics file

d. other ..............................

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You are to Report to the Examiner on or before ... to ...

a. show reason why you should not be removed from Scientology

b. show reason why you should not be removed from course

c. show reason for your not continuing

d. show reason why you should not be turned over to Ethics.

e. .............................................

Failure to report will result in the assignment of the Condition of DOUBT with full penalties.

Sincerely, ........................................ Clerk of the Department of Examinations,
London

CONDITION OF DOUBT

When one cannot make up one's mind as to an individual a group org or project a Condition of Doubt exists.

PENALTIES FOR DOUBT
Debarment from premises. Not to be employed. Payment of fine amounting to any sum may have cost org. Not to be trained or processed. Not to be communicated or argued with."
The latest, sent early in 1970, reads as follows:-
"Please circle YES or NO in the following:
1. Do you currently have any aches or pains? YES/NO

2. Do you suffer from fatigue? YES/NO

3. Do you have any problems with work? YES/NO

4. Do you suffer from illness? YES/NO

5. Have you had any unsuccessful medical treatment? YES/NO

6. Are you currently recuperating from some illness? YES/NO

7. Do you feel you are getting into a rut? YES/NO

8. Do you have problems with money? YES/NO

9. Do you have any marriage difficulty? YES/NO

10. Do you have difficulty with children? YES/NO

11. Do you have business problems? YES/NO

12. Do you have problems with study? YES/NO

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13. Do you have difficulty with personal relations? YES/NO

14. Which one of the above questions you have answered "yes" to would you like to get handled first?

15. Please give as many details on this as possible. Answer on reverse side of this form.

After filling in this form please return to:

THE LETTER REGISTRAR,

THE CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY OF CALIFOMIA,

THE HUBBARD SCIENTOLOGY ORGANIZATION IN LONDON,

68 Tottenham Court Road,
London W.1."

124. The face-to-face approach cannot be described better than in Mr. Hubbard's own words:-
"HUBBARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex

HCO POLICY LETTER OF 23 OCTOBER 1965

DISSEMINATION DRILL

Remimeo
Field Staff Members
Sthil Grads
Sthil Students

The Dissemination Drill has four exact steps that must be done with a person you are disseminating to.

There is no set patter, nor any set words you say to the person.

There are four steps that must be accomplished with the individual and they are listed in the order that they should be done:

1. Contact the individual: this is plain and simple. It just means making a personal contact with someone, whether you approach them OR they approach you.

2. Handle: if the person is wide open to Scientology, and reaching, this step can be omitted as there is nothing to handle. Handle is to handle any attacks, antagonism, challenge or hostility that the individual might express towards you and / or Scientology. Definition of "handle": to control, direct. "Handle" implies directing an acquired skill to the accomplishment of immediate ends. Once the individual has been handled you then -

3. Salvage: definition of salvage: "to save from ruin". Before you can save someone from ruin, you must find out what their own personal ruin is. This is basically - What is ruining them? What is messing them up? It must be a condition that is real to the individual as an unwanted condition, or one that can be made real to him.

4. Bring to understanding: once the person is aware of the ruin, you bring about an understanding that Scientology can handle the condition

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found in 3. This is done by simply stating Scientology can or, by using data to show how it can. It's at the right moment on this step that one hands the person a selection slip, or one's professional card, and directs him to the service that will best handle what he needs handled.

These are the steps of the Dissemination Drill. They are designed so that an understanding of them is necessary and that understanding is best achieved by being coached on the drill

COACHING THE DRILL

Position: Coach and student may sit facing each other a comfortable distance apart, or they may stand ambulatory.

Purpose: To enable a Scientologist to disseminate Scientology effectively to individuals. To enable one to contact, handle, salvage and bring to understanding, another being. To prepare a Scientologist so that he won't be caught "flatfooted" when being attacked or questioned by another.

Patter: There is no set patter. The coach plays the part of a non-Scientologist and displays an attitude about Scientology upon being approached by the student The student must then handle, salvage, and bring the coach to understanding. When the student can comfortably do these steps on a given coach's attitude, the coach then assumes another attitude, etc., and the drill is continued until the student is confident and comfortable about doing these steps with any type of person. This drill is coached as follows:-

The coach says, "Start". The student must then (1) contact the coach, either by approaching the coach or being approached by the coach. The student introduces himself and Scientology or not, depending upon the mocked-up situation. The student then (2) handles any invalidation of himself and / or Scientology, any challenge, attack or hostility displayed by the coach. The student then (3) salvages the coach. In this step the student must locate the ruin (problem or difficulty the coach has with life), and point out that it is ruinous and get the person to see that it is.

When 3 has been done, you then (4) bring about an understanding that Scientology can do something about it. Example: the coach has admitted a problem with women. The student simply listens to him talk about his problem and then asserts - "Well, that's what Scientology handles. We have processing, etc. etc." When the coach indicates a realization that he did have a problem and that something might be done about it, the student presents him with a selection slip, or a professional card, routing him to the service that would best remedy the condition.

The coach must flunk for comm lags, nervousness, laughter or non-confront. The coach would similarly flunk the student for failure to (1) contact, (2) handle, (3) salvage, and (4) bring to understanding.

Training Stress: Stress giving the student wins. This is done by using a gradient scale in the coach's portrayal of various attitudes, and staying with any selected until the student can handle it comfortably. As the student becomes better, the coach can portray a more difficult attitude.

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Stress bringing about for the student the accomplishment of the purpose of this drill.

A list of things to handle and another of ruins to discover can be made up and used.

Do not specialize in either antagonistic attitudes or an eagerness to know about Scientology. Use both and other attitudes. One meets them all.

L. RON HUBBARD

LRH: aw

Copyright (c) 1965

by L. Ron Hubbard

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"

125. Mr. Hubbard is very conscious of the importance of sales promotion and financial affluence for the continued success of Scientology. The following examples of his internal instructions on the subject show the nature of his concern:-
"The following points are a summary of the basic principles of promotion. It is important that you understand them and apply them in your promotion.

1. The basic principle of promotion is to drive in more business than can be driven off by a service unit or mistakes can waste. This applies to any promotion anywhere.

Never allow your standard of how many people should be brought into the org to be set by any other division or part of the organization. Promote as far above as possible the present operating capacity of the organization and you will win.

From this it follows that Tech or any other part of the Org can never tell the Dissemination Division when or how many customers to bring in or that "we can only handle 10 preclears this week". It is the job of promotion to drive in as many preclears as possible. Its up to Tech to find the space and the auditors.

In other words, promotion must be so huge and effective so that even if other divisions are blocking the line or driving people off so many people are being crowded into the org by promotion that it makes up for any waste one by other parts of the org. You get the idea. Its [sicl not flattering but it is the stable datum that successful promotion anywhere operates on. By the way, the error does not necessarily have to be within the org. A bus strike could temporarily prevent people from across town being able to start the HRS Course. Promotion should have promoted so mach the Course is still full despite such an error.

The motto of promotion could be "we shall overcome - by numbers" ... "Despite any errors we bring in so many people into the org continually or sell so many books that even if the body registrar drives them off at gun point enough will get through to keep the statistics rising".

2. If a promotional programme does not seem to work find out where it is not being applied - don't Q and A and abandon the programme. Spot instead the non-compliance which is preventing it from going into operation.

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3. Later promotional programmes will not work if earlier ones have not been executed. Example: the programme is to send out fliers to sell bla bla to all buyers of foo-foo's. But it turns out that the original programme to compile a list of 1he buyers of foo-foo's off old invoices was not done therefore a flier to sell bla bla can't be sent to buyers of foo-foo's. And since the invoices were burnt up by some long gone suppressive (let's say) the original programme can't be carried out

What to do?

Don't give up or abandon the programme of selling bla bla to buyers of foo-foo's. Get clever and dream up some other way of compiling the list you want. Maybe it's as simple as a notice in your local newspaper or a questionnaire to everyone in your files: "Did you ever buy foo-foo's?".

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Finally, promote until the floors cave in because of the number of people - and don't even take notice of that, just keeping promoting." (l3)

"TO All Staff Saint Hill

Other Org Executives

FROM: RON
SUBJECT: How Saint Hill went from financial Crisis to Affluence in 13½ months.

ANALYSIS OF STHIL AFFLUENCE

Pending further Analysis of the affluence, the following is noted. It began, it seems, before Power Processing service was offered but accompanies opening of the HGC.

The basis of the affluence is a continuation of my taking charge of Saint Hill in April 1964 when it had been dropped to about £20,000 in the red by former management.

In November 1963 Mary Sue Hubbard briefly took over Registration lines and obtained a short resurge, salvaging immediate catastrophe.

In December 1963 I designed promotion for Saint Hill consisting of designing the Auditor. It took over 4 months to get out first issue and I realized I had to take over and reorganize in April 1964. The three corporation scheme proposed by Damonte and Palmer and Company had proven completely catastrophic. I reverted to HASI Inc Arizona throughout the Commonwealth and redesigned the org as one corporation with production departments, which org board lasted for about a year - until April 1965.

I began to unjam lines in April 1965 by designing a new org board. Since that has been done and as it is gotten in a resurge has occurred.

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SAINT HILL STABILITY

All this time (Apr 1964-June 1965) Saint Hill has been on an increasing statistic.


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(113) HCO P/L, 17th November 1965.

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Mary Sue Hubbard worked hard from June 1964 to January 4, 1965 handling the org as Org Sec particularly legal and finance, and it became more stable financially.

I designed and began to press home new promotion and organization from April 1964 to January 4, 1965 and worked heavily to align low level tech Levels 0 to 4 and get it into action.

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ETHICS

Ethics is a large reason for attaining affluence. To the degree it has gone in we have prospered. There is almost a parallel curve between Ethics going in at Saint Hill and our recent income curve.

Lack of Ethics in 1963 cost Saint Hill over £20,000 actual known pounds in non-compliance, waste and other reasons.

Lack of it in 1964 made me do my work over and over and spend hours at my desk that were needed on research.

Lack of Ethics being in made the vacation of 6 weeks in January and February a vital necessity. Yet that vacation, taking my attention off org lines, brought them close to disaster. Thus we see overwork, caused by non-compliance, etc., resulted in a necessity for a vacation which brought outer orgs close to the brink.

During the six weeks I was away Saint Hill had a bit of slump and tech went out.

On return I reorganized the Course, sought the reason for outer org slump and repaired it when I finally got enough data, developed the new plan of organization now in use, opened the HGC, developed and got in Ethics, developed the power processes and got the org swinging with lots of help, all in 3½ months.

Toward the end of that period we have had three weeks of Affluence and now a fourth which takes Affluence back to "normal operation" as it is becoming common to be in affluence at Saint Hill. We're in our fourth high week, with many reservations of all kinds." (14)

"HUBBARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex

HCO POLICY LETTER OF 15 MARCH 1966

SH only
Guardian
Exec Secs
ES comm HCO

   and

Legal Officer

CORPORATE ADDRESS

No corporate address hereafter is to be Saint Hill.


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(114) HCO P/L, June 19th 1965.

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This includes Hubbard College of Scientology, C of S of Calif and any other corporation.

Crawley is a little crossroads and their tax office is used to greengrocer accounts and any sum above £15,000 is a fantastic sum to Crawley. Further, Crawley's tax commissioners are East Grinstead and East Grinstead saw a £10 note once and is still talking about it.

No large corporation should ever use a rural one horse tax office as they can't understand real business sums in such offices.

Always use a London address and make sure you have one for all corporations.

                                     
L. RON HUBBARD
LRH: ml
Copyright © 1966
by L. Ron Hubbard
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"
126. Direct salesmanship is encouraged by the payment of a commission of 10 per cent to 15 per cent (which can be taken in cash or in the form of processing) to auditors and students who succeed in enrolling new students. As in other organisations who use direct selling techniques for their products, there is intense competition between salesmen, whose status in the organisation, as well as their earnings from it, is measured by the value of their sales. 127. The following are some typical instructions to such "Field Staff Members ":-
"THE ADVANCED ORGANISATION
FLEET HOUSE, 10 SOUTHBRIDGE, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND

Production Division Advice Letter of December 25th 1968

To ALL ADVANCED ORG FIELD STAFF MEMBERS

Here's hoping you had a very Happy and Merry Xmas and wishing you a very happy and prosperous New Year for 1969.

1969 the year of the Sea Org, the year in which Scientology BOOMS, with 100 per cent STANDARD TECH ALL THE WAY.

YOU be part of this tremendous BOOM. Go out and select lots of people to their Clearing and OT levels and also select Class VI OT IIIs to the FABULOUS CLASS VIII COURSE. Do it now, Don't wait till tomorrow, Don't put this aside for later. Do it now, Take the enclosed Success stories and find someone to show them, preferably a Scientologist, FIRE his interest for Clearing and OT so that he has more push to get there FAST. Get him or her moving. GET HIM HERE TO AOUK.

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If you can't get out just now, pick up the phone. Ring someone. Read them some of these Success stories, select them, get them moving on the road. DON'T just put this aside, DO something and above all:

GET PEOPLE HERE TO THE AOUK. THIS IS HOW YOU EAM YOUR COMMISSION.

LOVE, QUENTIN KELLY
PUBLIC OFFICER AOUK.

Copyright © 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED."

"THE ADVANCED ORGANISATION
FLEET HOUSE
20 SOUTHBRIDGE EDINBURGH EHI 1LL SCOTLAND

Telephones 031-556-5074 and 031-556-5075

DISTRIBUTION DIVISION ADVICE LETTER OF 22nd MAY 1969

Dear AOUK Field Staff Member,

L. RON HUBBARD has just sent us materials which will BOOM even further the effectiveness of DIANETICS AND SCIENTOLOGY.

We need trained Auditors to deliver to our public, who are demanding service, gains which are beyond their expectations.

You can make it financially in a very short time. Here is how

  1. Write or phone me requesting full details of any of the following:
    These will be rushed to you.

  2. Get your GUNG HO Group very active, and through it get names and addresses, answers to the survey question and actions completed in bringing about what is needed and wanted. In so doing pick up the individual reach for DIANETICS AND SCIENTOLOGY services.

  3. Send us the names of Doctors and Psychiatrists who are known in your area so that we can mail them the special offer letter

  4. Promote the NEW STANDARD DIANETICS COURSE. This course can be completed in as little as 10 days and the student completes as a HUBBARD DIANETICS GRADUATE.

  5. SELECT those persons whom you intend to help and 8-C, for DIANETIC Training and Auditing up through CLEAR to the Upper Sections of O.T., training up to Class VIII Auditors and becoming a Scientology Public Relations Officer via the AOUK P.R.O. Course.

We, as a group, are now moving fast. We want you too to RUN WITH THE BALL.

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We have the public where it's at.

Mental Image Pictures and all that!

We look forward to having you financially affluent, a well and happy person who is making total ability and spiritual freedom.

And this for all the people whom you are helping too.

My very best wishes,

James Fuller,

Chief Officer.

Copyright © 1969

By L. Ron Hubbard

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"

128. There are also franchise holders, originally defined as "A professiona1 auditor, with a classification to Level III or over, who practises Scientology full or part-time for remuneration, who conducts processing and training privately or to groups. whose understanding and experience of Scientology is sufficiently broad for him to be publicized to others as a stable terminal, who has signed a Franchise Agreement, who receives Bulletins, Policy Letters, advice, advertising, technical information, services and administrative data from HCO WW, and who, in return for same, maintains regularly a weekly report and a weekly payment of ten per cent of his gross income to HCO WW" (115).

Nowadays, although the commercial arrangements remain the same, the wording has altered: franchises are now granted by the "Mother Church" to "Missions" by means of a "Charter":-

"This Charter gives official authority to the individual who receives it to conduct a Mission in the area specified. It does not confer any liability on the Mother Church but it does confer upon the individual a right to practice Dianetics and Scientology in his area. This right is granted by the Mother Church by virtue of authority given it by L. Ron Hubbard, sole owner of the materials and copyrights of Dianetics and Scientology. The right is dependent upon usage, regular remittance of tithes and the continued good standing of the grantee." (1l6)
129. The usual procedure when a potential pre clear first presents himself to the Scientology organisations with a view to enrolment is to encourage him to take a "free personality test" called the "Oxford Capacity Analysis." This test has been investigated by a Working Party of the British Psychological Society, the leading scientific body in this field in the United Kingdom, incorporated by Royal Charter in 1965. The Working Party was composed of a clinical psychologist, a consultant in psychological selection, and a university lecturer in psychology, all members of the Society's Council and distinguished experts in their field. Each of them took the test at one or other of the Scientology shops in London and Edinburgh.

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(115) HCO P/L of 2nd January 1965.
(116) HCO P/L of 20th November 1969.

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130. The test consists of 200 written questions, to be answered "yes", "no" or "uncertain" (this may not be easy to do when the question, like question 152, is in the form "Do you rarely express your grievances?"). The members of the Working Party answered the questions in differently but pre-determined. random fashion (see below) which could not produce results of any significance: in fact, they should all have come out pretty average in all personality traits. The subsequent experience of one member of the Working Party follows in his own words:-
"In this particular case the inventory was deliberately responded to in a fashion designed to produce an unpredictable result. As each question was read the answer space was completed for the following question without reference to the content of either question. On any known inventory this procedure should produce a 'flat' profile, with few scores departing significantly from the mean. When the profile chart was presented on the second visit it showed extremely low scores on three traits; all save one or two were below the 'desirability' band. (The imprecision is due to the fact that, try as he might, the 'client' was not permitted to bring away the profile sheet). The staff member who had scored the inventory expounded the extreme scores with some urgency. He avoided questions on the meaning of the scales, dismissing as irrelevant the trait words at top and bottom; yet he invested the points on the scale with immense importance, almost of a charismatic nature. His patter continually referred to the inadequacies which the graph revealed - one point became 'failed purpose' and another 'loss', although these terms were never explained. He attempted to confirm his diagnosis of these poin1s on the graph by such leading questions as "Do you often fail to achieve what you set out to do?" and "Do you have difficulty making friends?" Affirmative answers to these questions (which were given readily) were, somehow, to be explained by the low scores and the interpretation put on them.

In the course of the session the following information was elicited from the Scientology staff member:

(i) The test was devised by "Oxford students, or the Oxford Dictionary people", he did not know which;

(ii) He did not understand the word 'percentile' - although it was he who brought the word into the discussion. He looked it up in the Concise Oxford Dictionary without success and decided it meant 'percentage'. He thereafter interpreted '90th percentile' as 90 per cent.

(iii) 'Most people' scored beyond the 'minus 90' point on the three traits being discussed

In general it was patent that this person had no notion what the test was, how it was designed, what it measured or what the scores meant. He had been trained to produce this ill-informed commentary which, to a gullible anxious person, might sound genuinely insightful. In fact he was pointing out to an unknown member of the public 'inadequate' facets of his personality shown up by an instrument which he did not understand.

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In a second interview, immediately following on, the 'Registrar' explained the hierarchy of levels which could be attained by Scientology processing. He described the courses offered by the organisation to remedy the inadequacies shown up by the profile. All these courses would cost money and a probable minimum total of one hundred guineas was quoted to deal with the particular personality deficiencies shown up by the OCA."
131. The conclusions of the Working Party are summarised as follows:-
"The systematic quantification of personality variables is one aspect of psychometric testing .... All psychometric tests can be assessed in terms of their reliability and validity. "Reliability" implies that a test yields similar results under similar testing conditions. Various degrees of reliability can be attributed to a number of sources of error. In a properly constructed personality test the various effects of these sources of error are systematically assessed. "Validity" implies that a test measures what it claims to measure - i.e., that it is a valid measure of the characteristic it claims to quantify. A test may be reliable without being valid, but not vice versa. A known degree of reliability is crucial to the use of any psychometric test in a setting where its results are used with an individual case.

If a personality test is a reliable device, then a systematic approach to answering the questions should yield systematic variations in the conclusions derived from an analysis of the test scores. That this is a property of reliable tests may be assumed from a knowledge of formal test theory such as any person competent to assess the results of a psychometric test should possess. The members of the Working Party used this property of reliability of psychometric tests to assess the adequacy of the personality testing offered by the Scientologists, by submitting themselves to testing as 'clients' responding to the advertisements for free personality testing.

----------

For the purpose of making their assessment of the status of the test, the members of the Working Party employed three different methods of responding to the test items when they themselves completed it:-

(a) one member answered the questions at random, selecting the answer to be given before reading the question;

(b) a second member employed a method in which the response was pre-determined regardless of the content of the question: if the final letter of the question was a consonant in the range "a" to "m", he answered "no"; if it was a consonant in the range "n" to "z" he answered "yes"; if it was a vowel, he answered "uncertain";

(c) the third member used the reverse of this procedure, so that he answered "yes" where the second method produced the answer "no", and "no" where the second method produced the "yes" response. The "uncertain" response was given to the same questions as before.

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This systematic variation in response styles would be expected to affect the resultant profiles. "Profiles" are an accepted manner of presenting the information derived from some types of personality test. A random method of response ((a) above) would be expected to produce scores close to the mean of scores obtained during the standardising of the test. Methods (b) and (c) should also result in profiles with low deviations from the mean scores; if such deviations occurred these two methods would be expected to produce different, if not complementary, profiles. The Working Party verified that on two accepted personality tests such systematic variations in answering did produce variations in profile pattern.

These variations in answering the questions did not seem to affect the Oxford Capacity Analysis as the three methods produced remarkably similar profiles, in which the scores on the first three scales were in an extreme position in the range marked "unacceptable" ... All profile results then rose into the "normal" or "desirable" range over the next 2-4 scales and showed a return to "unacceptable" over the remaining scales.

If these three systematically varied response styles had all produced "flat" profiles, with few scores departing greatly from the mean, then we would have considered that the Oxford Capacity Analysis could not be criticised on these grounds. But when each of two diametrically opposed methods of response produces the same extreme deviant scores as the other and as a third "random" response style, we are forced to a position of scepticism about the test's status as a reliable psychometric device.

It should be noted that the Oxford Capacity Analysis is not a personality test known in psychological circles; it is not distributed by reputable test agencies in this country; there is no research literature available about it, nor is it listed in the Mental Measurements Year Book which is internationally accepted as the authoritative source on psychometric devices. While any one of these points does not in itself indict a psychometric instrument, the failure of the Oxford Capacity Analysis to meet all of them does, in our opinion, constitute an extremely strong case for assuming it to be a device of no worth. The scientific value and useful nature of the profile apparently derived from completion of the Oxford Capacity Analysis must consequently be negligible. We are of the opinion that the Oxford Capacity Analysis and the profiles derived from its completion are constructed in such a manner as to give the appearance of being adequate psychometric devices, whereas, in fact, they totally fail to meet the normally accepted criteria.

Taking the procedure as a whole, one is forced to the conclusion that the Oxford Capacity Analysis is not a genuine personality test; certainly the results as presented bear no relation to any known methods of assessing personality or of scaling test scores. The booklet itself might produce genuine scores but these are not the

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scores presented on the profile. The legend 'produced and edited by the Staff of the Hubbard Association of Scientologists International' which appears on the cover is totally inappropriate to a personality measure - such an instrument is not 'edited', it is developed through painstaking research. The validity of the OCA booklet itself is therefore in doubt.

No reputable psychologist would accept the procedure of pulling people off the street with a leaflet, giving them a 'personality test' and reporting back in terms that show the people to be 'inadequate', 'unacceptable' or in need of 'urgent' attention. In a clinical setting a therapist would only discuss a patient's inadequacies with him with the greatest of circumspection and support, and even then only after sufficient contact for the therapist-patient relationship to have been built up. To report back a man's inadequacies to him in an automatic, impersonal fashion is unthinkable in responsible professional practice. To do so is potentially harmful. It is especially likely to be harmful to the nervous introspective people who would be attracted by the leaflet in the first place. The prime aim of the procedure seems to be to convince these people of their need for the corrective courses run by the Scientology organisations."

132. A similar exercise was carried out independently by Dr. David Delvin, who reported the outcome in World Medicine (17). Again, I quote:-
"I settled down to the 'personality test'. This consisted of 200 questions of the type much favoured by women's magazines (Are you considered warm-hearted by your friends? Do you enjoy activities of your own choosing? Are you likely to be jealous? Do you bite your fingernails?).

----------

Eventually, a young man took my answers away for "processing". When he returned, he was waving an impressive-looking piece of graph paper, around which were printed figures, symbols, and various bits of McLuhanistic jargon. Across the paper was drawn a line that looked something like the Boat Race course. This, the young man told me, was my personality curve.

The young man airily drew a ring round the area of Putney, and said that this represented "other people". A similar ring in the region of Barnes Bridge indicated "myself", while another drawn round Mortlake Brewery apparently represented "life". On the basis of all this, the young man gave me a 20-minute personality analysis, which mainly consisted of portentous-sounding pseudo-scientific neologisms ("You've got quite a bit of agity and you re moderately dispersed, but we can help you to standard tech.") He seemed bit vague about what these words actually meant.

At the end, he said to me impressively, "So you see. it's all very scientific - thanks to the fact that our founder is a man of science himself".

"Oh yes, very scientific indeed," I said.


----------
(117) July 29th, 1969.

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I hadn't the heart to tell him that his super-scientific system had failed to detect the fact that I had marked the "don't know" column against all 200 questions in the test."
133. It may be relevant to note that none of these observers at any stage had it suggested to him that Scientology was a religion.

131. I asked the Scientologists what claims they made for the Oxford Capacity Analysis, on what published evidence they were founded and what written instructions were given to persons who interpreted the tests. Mr. Gaiman answered:-

"As far as I have been able to discover, we don't make any particular claims about the Oxford Capacity Analysis.

----------

All I say about the test is that it is a reasonably reliable test for measuring individual personality.

----------

I don't know if you have received a paper from the British Psychological Society by three of its members who went to our premises in London deliberately to make a mockery of the tests by giving random answers. I would certainly concede that it is possible to make a mockery of them. Newspaper plants have also proved that it is possible to make a mockery out of auditing. It does not discredit the tests, or auditing, for honest men who are genuinely seeking a result."

He did not mention any published evidence, or the existence of any instructions.

(b) Contract

l35. If the sale of a training course is concluded, the pre-clear is required to sign a standard form of contract. This contains, amongst others, the following clauses:-
"(1) Whereas the applicant is desirous of obtaining the services of the organization the applicant hereby declares and makes known that it is understood and agreed that any help given by L. Ron Hubbard, the organization, the executives, auditors, supervisors and other personnel of the organization is given entirely at their discretion individually and severally and out of the goodness of their own hearts and that if at any time any of them no longer desire to help the applicant through processing and/or training the applicant may be suspended from such processing and/or training without rebate or refund, recourse or appeal.

(2) In consideration of being accepted by the organization for training and/or processing the applicant in addition to and supplementary to any and all other agreements and undertakings herein after expressed in writing (no oral agreements being valid or

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recognized), being over 21 years of age and under no legal disability, undertakes to and does hereby waive any and all claims, now and in the future howsoever arising against L. Ron Hubbard, the organization, their employees, agents and assigns and without reservation or duress release each of the aforementioned from all liability for any consequences resulting from processing and/or training practices and/or methods used and applied by the aforementioned persons, and further undertakes:
(a) to pay to the organization the fees for processing and/or training

(b) to act always in accordance with the Scientology Ethics Codes and understands that any violation of them may result in suspension or expulsion from training and/or processing

(c) to have any auditing and/or training in the Department of Review ordered by those in whose charge the applicant is entrusted and to pay for such at the current rates prevailing

(d) to waive any claim or demand for refund or return of money paid or payable to the organization by reason of receiving the . . . Course or enrolling for the . . . Course, and further understands that if an application for refund is made the applicant shall be in default of the contract herein, subject to any default section of the contract provided, and further undertake to release L. Ron Hubbard, the Hubbard College of Scientology, the Church of Scientology of California, the organization, its employees, agents and assigns from any claim or suit whatsoever and not make further claim or suit

(e) to receive no auditing or training from other quarters without the express permission of the Course Supervisor

(f) to guarantee to pay his own transport out of the country.

(3) The applicant further agrees, declares and makes known that he is enrolling with the organization on his own determinism and has not been sent or ordered by any other individual or group against his own determinism and makes oath and say as follows:
(a) that he does not have a purely medical illness that would be curable within the skill of a physical practitioner

(b) that he does not have a history or record of institutionalization in any insane asylum or similar place

(c) that he does not have a criminal record for felony

(d) that he is not connected to any person or group who has been declared suppressive

(e) that he understands and agrees that there is no refund or rebate howsoever claimed of money paid or to be paid to the organization for training and / or processing

(f) that he will willingly undergo any E-Meter test requested by any authorized HCO personnel

(g) that he understands fully and completely that the purpose of the aforementioned organization and persons are based upon the

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practice of Scientology which is known to be a spiritual and religious guide intended to make persons more aware of themselves as spiritual beings and not treating or diagnosing human ailments of body or mind and not engaged in the teaching or practising of the medical arts or sciences and not granting scholastic degrees or fumishing accreditation towards the requirements of college, university, or scholastic degrees

(h) that he has fully read and understood this document and has signed it of his own free will and without coercion.

----------

I, . . . do agree that I shall not divulge the contents of the . . . Course materials or any future . . . Materials issued to me, to anyone, nor shall I copy it, allow it to be copied, or re-issue it in any way. I agree to the condition that should I default on this contract, I shall be immediately suspended and the matter turned over to Ethics. who shall treat such as a Suppressive Act and deal with it accordingly. I agree not to discuss the Materials or my case in relation to it with anyone other than a . . . Course Supervisor or a properly assigned Review Auditor.

----------

UNDERTAKING TO L. RON HUBBARD

In consideration of L. Ron Hubbard researching into and developing Scientology and maintaining high technical standards of Scientology now and in the future and making such available to me through training and/or processing, I hereby agree to waive any and all claims howsoever arising that I may have against him now and in the future.

----------

UNDERTAKINGS OF THE ORGANIZATION

We, the Operation and Transport Services, Ltd., do hereby undertake, that in consideration of the agreements entered into heretofore by . . . (the applicant), to ensure personal case supervision for the duration of such period as he is under our charge and to make every effort to ensure that the applicant progresses and attains the end result of the training or processing contracted for m the shortest possible time and to give to the applicant such certificates of attainment."

It will be seen that this document does contain a passing mention of Scientology as a "religious guide".

136. With the contract go the arrangements for payment. On these, Mr. Hubbard has this to say:-

"Scientology organizations are service organizations. Now, it goes without saying, that service costs money. So please don't equate service with the idea that it is all give away. People expect to pay
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for good service, and they do pay for good service, unless you barrier the line, or by some foolish handling, convince them otherwise.

----------

"Well, how about money, then? How does this get handled?

"Simple. MONEY IS AN ACCOUNTING FUNCTION. It IS the proper concem of Accounts. (Div 3 - Dept. of Income).

"With Accounts, money is simply collected. Accounts collects from the person the amount of the price of the service desired. That is all there is to it. It collects the amount, invoices it and routes a copy of the invoice through the org lines to the Division that the service is to be delivered in, so that they may know it is all right to go ahead and deliver the service.

"The Invoicing-Cashier in Department 7, Division 3 is at post preferably in a wicket. This is exactly like a theatre ticket front, complete with the glass window with the hole (small and awkward) in it to talk through and the hole at the bottom to slide money through. Any amounts office door, if up front in the org, can be fixed with a half door to look like this. It would not at all be out of place for the cashier to wear a green eyshade [sicl, and have a very detached attitude about anything except money or money matters. Very businesslike. Posted on the outside of the wicket or immediately in the area on display signs is the prices for books, materials and services offered by the org. If the cashier is asked for data, he points to the proper sign.

"A person coming into the org first comes into Reception. If the person wants a service he or she is routed to the Body Registrar. The Body Reg talks about and signs the person up for service. If the person has a question about the cost, the Body Reg says "You will need to talk to Accounts about that" and routes them to the Invoicing Cashier, who shows them the prices on the display signs. When the Body Reg has signed the person up for the service on proper contract and release forms, the person is routed to the Invoicing Cashier for paying.

"The Invoicing Cashier (Dept 7) always expects for the service to be paid for, i.e. expects cash, not credit. The subject of credit must not be brought up by the Invoicing Cashier. For example, the question would be "Are you going to pay this by cash or cheque" . . . NEVER "IS this going to be cash or credit?". If the person is going to ask for credit, then it must be his origination. In the event it is asked for, then it must have the Org Sec.'s OK, who before giving it, must check the person's past credit record with the org. People who have a bad payment record on their org bills must not be extended further credit. When credit is extended, a proper note must be signed at 12 per cent interest if not paid in 90 days and they must sign the debiting invoice.

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"When the service is completed with the person, the last person he sees on the org lines is the Body Registrar, who channels the person to further service.

"The Reception area, Invoicing Cashier, and Book Store should be located close to one another. If someone comes in wanting a book, he or she is routed to the book store in which books are on display, but separated as to if they are for Beginners or Advanced Scientologists. The books for Beginners and to the public books should be prominently marked by display signs.

-----------

"The Book Store should be close to the Reception area but remember that to have Reception selling books is creating Divisions. Reception only routes. However, in the immediate Reception area should be display posters on books, Free Introductory Lecture, AS Course, graphs, and other promotional material - all prominently displayed. If someone comes in asking "What is Scientology?", the Receptionist routes him to the Free Introductory Lecture by giving him an Invitation, and routes him to the Book Store for a book that covers Beginning Scientology. The Receptionist is forbidden to try to explain Scientology or processing. If someone comes in not knowing what they want, but that they want to talk to someone about Scientology, the Receptionist routes them to the Body Reg to channel them into a Service.

"The Letter Registrar may not talk money. However, he or she may enclose rate cards for Org services and book price lists.

"So please each Division do its own work. Registrars - channelling to service, Reception - routes; and only Accounts talks money". (118)

(c) Processing

137. The central practice of Scientology is what is called "processing". In essence. this is a procedure carried on by an "auditor" on a pre-clear, who stand in a relationship to each other closely analogous to that of therapist and patient, in that the aim of the pre-clear is to improve himself, and that of the auditor is expressed to be to help him in achieving this aim.

138. Processing takes place in formal sessions, whose beginning and end are explicitly announced by the auditor. In most of these sessions. no other persons are present. An important adjunct, however, in which Scientology reposes much faith, is an instrument called an "E-Meter", which is an abbreviation for "electro-psychometer". (119)

Viewed from the point of view of conventional physics, this instrument is a sensitive device for measuring the resistance (normally quantified in units called "ohms") of an electrical conductor to the current being passed through it. Working on the principle of the well-known Wheatstone Bridge, it contains some batteries and a transistorised circuit, together with a galvanometer whose reading furnishes an indication of the resistance of any conductor


----------
(118) HCO P/L of 15th September 1965.
(119) The original inventor of this instrument - or, rather, of "electro-psychometry" -
seems to have been a Mr Volney G. Mathison of California, a renowned
hypnotist and student of the occult. See Lee, p. 89.

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connected between two external electrodes which are attached to the instrument. Certain knobs on the instrument may be adjusted so as to vary its calibration, range and sensitivity.

139. During an auditing session, the pre-clear holds the two electrodes, one in each hand, and the auditor observes and records the movements of the meter needle. As a matter of physics, what is being observed is the electrical resistance, and any changes in that resistance, interposed between the two electrodes, and this will depend on a variety of factors such as the area of contact, the quantity and salinity of any sweat exuded by the preclear's palms, tile force of his grip, and any variations in the electrical resistance of his skin or the rest of his body. Such instruments and their limitations are well-known in conventional psychology: they are closely related to the so-called "lie-detector" or "polygraph" which had a certain vogue in the United States of America at one time, but is going out of fashion there as its limitations are becoming better known and the early claims made for its efficiency are being refuted. (120)

140. In Scientology, however, what is claimed to be registered by the E-meter is not mere electrical resistance but "the amount of charge represented by a mental image picture" (121)

"The meter tel1s you what the preclear's mind is doing when the pre-clear is made to think of something ... This current is influenced by the mental masses, pictures, circuits and machinery. When the unclear pc thinks of something these mental items shift and this registers on the meter" (122)

"The E-meter is never wrong. It sees all; it knows all. It tells everything". (123)

141. Thus installed in a processing session, the auditor either asks the pre-clear questions or issues commands to him. Taken at one level, that is all there is to it. The complications and problems only arise when one examines the nature of the questions and commands. Since there is a large variety of auditing routines and since these change constantly as Mr. Hubbard makes new discoveries (or, in his terminology, "final break-throughs") in his field, it would be impossible to specify precisely which routines are in vogue at any given moment. Indeed, it seems to be a matter of policy not to publish current routines to the world at large, for every description of auditing routines which I have found in published Scientology literature bears a disclaimer in terms such as these -
"The processes described in this chapter were the forerunners of modem Scientology processes and Clearing techniques" (124)
or
"These processes are the forerunners of today's processes and are no longer taught in Scientology Academies as part of modem standard technology" (125)

----------
(120) see Westin, Privacy and Freedom, p. 213.
(121) Kangaroo Court, p. 33.
(122) E-meter Essentials, p. 8.
(123) Anderson Report p. 93.
(124) Dianetics 55, p. 108.
(125) Scientology 8-8008, p. 115.

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142. But the books in which these routines are described continue to be on open sale, and budding Scientologists are strongly advised to buy and read them, since they are said to be "important for the students' grasp of earlier breakthroughs in the opening of the route to Clear" and "well worth knowing" (126), Besides, "There are no texts or books banned by Standard Tech. It outlawed no processes. Any process ever published is valid if (a) It reads on asking its question and (b) Is run to F/N and end phenomena". (127)

143. Accordingly, and with that qualification, I reproduce here a few selection from this published material, so as to give the reader at least some idea of how processing is conducted.

"The techniques involved herein were developed by L. Ron Hubbard and after testing by him, were tested by other auditors on a wide variety of cases. It is doubtful if any earlier process of any kind in any age has been as thoroughly validated as this operating procedure. However, it works only when used as stated. Disorganized fragments of this material, given other names and emphasis, may be found to be harmful. Irresponsible and untrained use of this procedure is not authorised. Capricious or quasi-religious exteriorization of the thetan for other purposes than the restoration of his ability and self-determinism should be resisted by any being. The goal for this process is freedom for the individual to the betterment of the many.

STEP I - Ask preclear to be three feet behind his head. If stable there have him be in various pleasant places until any feeling of scarcity of viewpoints is resolved; then have him be in several undesirable places, then several pleasant places, then have him be in a slightly dangerous place, then in more and more dangerous places until he can sit in the centre of the Sun. Be sure to observe gradient scale of ugliness and dangerousness of places. Do not let preclear fail. Then do remaining steps with preclear exteriorized.

STEP II - Have preclear mock-up own body. If he does this easily and clearly, have him mock-up own body until he slips out of it. When he is exteriorized and knows it thoroughly (the conditions of all exteriorization) do STEP I. If his mock-up was not clear, go to STEP III immediately.

STEP III - SPACATION: Have preclear close his eyes and find upper comers of the room Have him sit there, not thinking, refusing to think of anything, interested only in the comers until he is completely exteriorized without strain. Then do a spacation (constructing own space with eight anchor points and holding it stable without effort) and go to STEP I. If preclear was unable to locate comers of the room easily with his eyes closed, go to STEP IV.

STEP IV - EXPANDED GITA: (This is an extension of give and take processing.) Test preclear to see if he can get a mock-up he can see, no matter how vague. Then have him WASTE, ACCEPT UNDER DURESS, DESIRE and finally be able to TAKE OR LEAVE ALONE each of the items listed below. He does this with mock-ups or ideas. He must do the sequence of WASTE, etc., in the order given here for each item. He wastes


----------
(126) Scientology: Clear Procedure, Issue 1, 1968 (Publishers' note).
(127) LRH ED 88 INT, 26th February 1970.

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it by having it at remote distances in places where it will do no good, being used or done or observed by something which cannot appreciate it; when he is able to waste it in vast quantities the auditor then has him accept it in mock-up form until he no longer is antagonistic to him to accept it even when it is unpleasant and great force is applied to make him take it; then, again with mock-ups, he must be able to bring himself to desire it even in its worst form; then, by mock-ups of it in its most desirable form he must come to be able to leave it entirely alone or take it in its worst form without caring. EXPANDED GITA remedies contra-survival abundance and scarcity. It will be found that before one can accept a very scarce to him thing, he has to give it away. A person with a milk allergy must be able to give away, in mock-up, enormous quantities of milk, wasting it, before he can accept any himself. The items in this list are compounded of several years of isolating what factors were more important to minds than others; the list lacks very few of the very important items if any; additions to or subtractions from this list should not be attempted. Viewpoint, work and pain should be heavily and often stressed and given priority.

WASTE, HAVE FORCED UPON, DESIRE, BE ABLE TO GIVE OR TAKE, IN THAT ORDER, EACH OF THE FOLLOWING: (Order of items here is random).

VIEWPOINT, WORK, PAIN, BEAUTY, MOTION, ENGRAMS, UGLINESS, LOGIC, PICTURES, CONFINEMENT, MONEY, PARENTS, BLACKNESS, POLICE, LIGHT, EXPLOSIONS, BODIES, DEGRADATION, MALE BODIES, FEMALE BODIES, BABIES, CHILDREN MALE, CHILDREN FEMALE, STRANGE AND PECULIAR BODIES, DEAD BODIES, AFFINITY (LOVE), AGREEMENT, BEAUTIFUL BODIES, PEOPLE, ATTENTION, ADMIRATION, FORCE, ENERGY, LIGHTNING, UNCONSCIOUSNESS, PROBLEMS, ANTAGONISM, REVERENCE, FEAR, OBJECTS, TIME, EATING HUMAN BODIES, SOUND, GRIEF, BEAUTIFUL SADNESS, HIDDEN INFLUENCES, HIDDEN COMMUNICATIONS, DOUBTS, FACES, DIMENSION POINTS, ANGER, APATHY, IDEAS, ENTHUSIASM, DISAGREEMENT, HATE, SEX, REWARD, EATING PARENTS, EATEN BY MOTHER, EATEN BY FATHER, EATING MEN, EATEN BY MEN, EATING WOMEN, EATEN BY WOMEN, START, BROKEN COMMUNICATIONS, WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS, STILLNESS, EXHAUSTION, WOMEN STOPPING MOTION, MEN STOPPING MOTION, CHANGING MOTION WOMEN, CHANGING MOTION MEN, CHANGING MOTION BABIES, CHANGING MOTION CHILDREN, STARTING MOTION MEN, STARTING MIOTION WOMEN, STARTING MOTION CHILDREN, STARTING MOTION OBJECTS, STARTING MOTION SELF, OMENS, WICKEDNESS, FORGIVENESS, PLAY, GAMES, SOUND, MACHINERY, TOUCH TRAFFIC, STOLEN GOODS, STOLEN PICTURES, HOMES, BLASPHEMY, CAVES, MEDICINE, GLASS, MIRRORS, PRIDE, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, DIRTY WORDS, SPACE, WILD ANIMALS, EVETS, BIRDS, AIR, WATER, FOOD, MILK, GARBAGE, GASES, EXCRETA, ROOMS, BEDS, PUNISHMENT, BOREDOM, CONFUSION, SOLDIERS, EXECUTIONERS, DOCTORS, JUDGES, PSYCHIATRISTS, ALCOLIOLIC LIQUOR, DRUGS, MASTURBATION, REWARDS, HEAT, COLD, FORBIDDEN THINGS, GOD,

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THE DEVIL, SPIRITS, BACTERIA, GLORY, DEPENDENCE, RESPONSIBILITY, WRONGNESS / RIGHTNESS, INSANITY, SANITY, FAITH, CHRIST, DEATH, RANK, POVERTY, MAPS, IRRESPONSIBILITY, GREETINGS, FAREWELLS, CREDIT, LONELINESS, JEWELS, TEETH, GENITALIA, COMPLICATIONS, HELP, PRETENCE, TRUTH, LIES, ASSURANCE, CONTEMPT, PREDICTABILITY, UNPREDICTABILITY, VACUUMS, WHITE CLOUDS, BLACK CLOUDS, UNATTAINABLES, HIDDEN THINGS, WORRY, REVENGE, TEXTBOOKS, KISSES, THE PAST, THE FUTURE, THE PRESENT, ARMS, STOMACHS, BOWELS, MOUTHS, CIGARETTES, SMOKE, URINE, VOMIT, CONVULSIONS, SALIVA, FLOWERS, SEMEN, BLACKBOARDS, FIREWORKS, TOYS, VEHICLES, DOLLS, AUDIENCES, DOORS, WALLS, WEAPONS, BLOOD, AMBITIONS, ILLUSIONS, BETRAYAL, RIDICULE, HOPE, HAPPINESS, MOTHERS, FATHERS, GRANDPARENTS, SUNS, PLANETS, MOONS, SENSATION, LOOKING, INCIDENTS, WAITING, SILENCE, TALKING, KNOWING, NOT KNOWING, DOUBTS, FAC ONE, REMEMBERING, FORGETTING, AUDITING, MINDS, FACE, POWER, ACCIDENTS, ILLNESSES, APPROVAL, TIREDNESS, FACES, ACTING, DRAMA, COSTUMES, SLEEP, HOLDING THINGS APART, HOLDING THINGS TOGETHER, DESTROYING THINGS, SENDING THINGS AWAY, MAKING THINGS GO FAST, MAKING THINGS APPEAR, MAKING THINGS VANISH, CONVICTIONS, STABILITY, CHANGING PEOPLE, SILENT MEN, SILENT WOMEN, SILENT CHILDREN, SYMBOLS OF WEAKNESS, SYMBOLS OF FORCE, DISABILITIES, EDUCATION, LANGUAGES, BESTIALITY, HOMOSEXUALITY, INVISIBLE BODIES, INVISIBLE ACTS, INVISIBLE SCENES, ACCEPTING THINGS BACK, GAMES, RULES, PLAYERS, RESTIMULATION, SEXUAL RESTIMULATION, SPACE REDUCTION, SIZE REDUCTION, ENTERTAINMENT, CHEERFULNESS, FREEDOM FOR OTHERS TO TALK, ACT, FEEL PAIN, BE SAD, THETANS, PERSONALITIES, CRUELTY, ORGANISATIONS.

WAMING: SHOULD YOUR PRECLEAR BECOME UNSTABLE OR UPSET DOING THIS PROCESS TAKE HIM TO STEP VI, THEN RETURN TO THIS LIST.

COMMENT: The mind is sufficiently complicated that it can be expected to have computations on almost all the above. Thus there is no single clearing button and search for it is at the dictate of a circuit, the mechanism of circuits being to search for something hidden. Thus your preclear may begin to compute and philosophize and seek to find the "button" that will release all this. All this releases all the buttons so tell him to relax and go on with the process every time he starts to compute.

NOTE: Running the above will bring to the surface without further attention the "computation on the case" and the service facsimile. Do not audit these. Run Expanded Gita.

STEP V - PRESENT TIME DIFFERENTIATION. EXTERIORIZATION BY SCENERY. Have preclear, with his body's eyes, study and see the difference between similar real objects such as the two legs of a chair, the spaces between the back two cigarettes, two trees, two girls. He must see

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and study the objects, it is not enough to remember objects. The definition of a CASE V is "no mock-ups, only blackness". Have him continue this process until he is alert. Use liberally and often.

Then exteriorize by having the preclear close his eyes and move actual places on Earth under him, preferably places he has not been. Have him bring these up to him, find two similar things in the scene and observe the difference between them. Move him over oceans and cities until he is certain that he is exteriorized.

Then, preferably while exteriorized, have him do STEP I.

This case has to know before he can be. His viewpoint is in the past. Give him present time viewpoints until he is a STEP I by the methods given for STEP V.

(COMMENT: PRESENT TIME DIFFERENTIATION is a very good general technique and resolves chronic somatics and improves tone.)

STEP VI - A-R-C STRAIGHT WIRE using next to last list of SELF ANALYSIS IN SCIENTOLOGY which asks preclear to recall something really to him, etc. Then use the lists in SELF ANALYSIS. This level is the neurotic level. It is identified by the preclear having mock-ups which will not persist or which won't go away. Use also PRESENT TIME DIFFERENTIATION. Then go to STEP IV. At any drop in tone, return case to STEP VI.

STEP VII - PSYCHOTIC CASES* Whether in or out of body, the psychotic looks to be in such desperate straits that people often err in thinking desperate measures are necessary. Use the lightest possible methods. Give case space and freedom where possib1e. Have psychotic IMITATE (not mock-up) various things. Have him do PRESENT TIME DIFFERENTIATION. Get him to tell the difference between things by actual touch. Have him locate, differentiate and touch things that are really real to him (real objects or items). If inaccessible mimic him with own body whatever he does until he comes into communication. Have him locate comers of the room and hold them without thinking. As soon as his communication is up, go to STEP VI but be very sure he changes any mock-up around until he knows it is a mock-up, that it exists and that he himself made it. Do not run engrams. He is psychotic because viewpoints in present time are so scarce that he has gone into the past for viewpoints which at least he knew existed. By PRESENT TIME DIFFERENTIATION, by tactile on objects, return his idea of an abundance of viewpoint in present time. If he has been given electric shock, do not process it or any other brutality. Work him for very brief periods for his attention span is short. Always work psychotics with another person or a companion present."

* It is not the purpose of Scientology to handle psychotics, but rather to "make the able more able". The above is included, however, as valuable data for the handling of psychotics by those in fields other than Scientology. (128)


---------
(128) Scientology 8-8008, pp. 116-122.

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Level Four

OPENING PROCEDURE BY DUPLICATION

Done in an auditing room with a book and a bottle.

Commands:

"Do you see that book?"

"Walk over to it".

"Pick it up".

"Not know something about its colour".

"Not know something about its temperature".

"Not know something about its weight".

"Put it in exactly the same place".

"Do you see that bottle?"

"Walk over to it".

"Pick it up".

"Not know something about its colour".

"Not know something about its temperature".

"Not know something about its weight".

"Put it in exactly the same place".

"Do you see that book?" (129)

----------

"There is a very fine set of processes which have been used for more than a year at this writing and which produced excellent results. These we called the S-C-S processes.

After running 8-C (and if it turned on somatics remember to flatten the process entirely, even though it takes 50 hours, before going on to another process), we go into these control processes grouped under S-C-S. There have been several varieties of process, all entirely in the control bracket but with different severities of control. The commands of S-C-S processes are almost all the same except that some are made more severe than others.

The first of these processes is the Start process. This is very simple. We have a preclear out in the middle of the room standing up while we stand up along side of him touching him, and we explain to him (and we explain this every command) that when we say "Start" we want him to start his body in that direction, and we point out some direction.

Then we take our hands off of him and we say "Start". We do not say Stop, Halt, or anything else, but after he has moved forward we then say "Did you start your body?" And he says he guesses he did or he did, and we then - and only then - acknowledge. We do this many times until the process apparently has no charge on it or is flat. We then go into the next of this series, which is Change.


----------
(129) ibid, p. 140.

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To run Change the auditor marks four points out on the floor. These points can be imaginary or they can be actually chalk-marked on the floor One of these points we label "A", one "B", one "C" and one "D". We explain the meanings of these symbols to the preclear and we give him this auditing command: "Now when I ask you to change the body, I want you to change the body's position from A to B. Do you understand that?" The preclear says he does, and the auditor, stepping back from the preclear, says "Change". The preclear then changes the body's position. Similarly in using the various points and combinations of the points A, B, C and D, the auditor drills the preclear on Change until that particular process seems to be flat.

The auditor then goes to Stop. The auditor takes the preclear by the arm and explains (explains every time) that when he says "Stop", he wants the preclear to stop the body. The actual wording of the auditor is "Now I want you to get the body moving in that direction and when I say Stop, I want you to stop the body. Do you understand?" When the preclear says that he does, the auditor lets go of him, lets him move down the room a distance (never the same distance twice) and says "Stop". When the preclear has stopped the auditor says "Did you stop the body?". And the preclear says "yes", or "maybe" and the auditor then acknowledges. The auditor does this many times until the pre-clear understands that he himself can stop the body or he has regained an ability, or the process appears to be flat and has no charge on it.

These three steps done in that order are then repeated. And it will be discovered that once Stop has been flattened, Start is now unflattened and can be flattened all over again by running it anew. Similarly, Change will be found to be unflat and again Stop will be found to be unflat. Thus, one runs Start and one runs Change and then one runs Stop, in that order, over and over and over again until all three appear to be flat.

A variation of this particular process has been called Stop Supreme. Stop Supreme is a heavy emphasis on Stop and it will be found that after the three processes of Start, Change and Stop are flat, one can move rather easily into Stop Supreme and concentrate heavily upon it. In other words, one runs Start, Change and Stop, Start, Change and Stop, Start. Change and Stop until they are relatively flat. He should not then suppose that the whole of S-C-S is flat since he still has Stop Supreme in all of its variations.

The idea behind Stop Supreme is that Stop, or motionlessness, is probably the most thetan ability a thetan has. Thus the rehabilitation of this particular ability is worthwhile and does produce considerable results. but don't be surprised if the preclear falls apart in the process of doing it.

The commands of Stop Supreme are roughly these. Every time one runs one of these S-C-S processes he, of course, explains the thing in full at the beginning of every command. He does not let any explanation hang over from the last time the command was

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executed. It will be found that the preclear cannot hold in his mind these explanations. Therefore, it has to be all explained anew every time. Thus we say to the preclear in Stop Supreme, "Now I want you to get your body moving down the room when I so indicate and when I say Stop, I want you to stop your body absolutely still". Then the auditor gives the preclear a slight shove and the preclear moves the body down the room, and the auditor says "stop", and the preclear tries to stop his body absolutely still in that instant. It will be found that faster and faster responses are achieved by the preclear and he can actually stop the body in more and more peculiar positions. The auditor then says, "Did you stop your body absolutely still?" The preclear answers this and then the auditor acknowledges. There are even more severe versions of this, but they are left to the imagination of the auditor.

These S-C-S processes produced the greatest control changes that have been produced with any control process They were consist- ently used with great success by a great many auditors. This is not really true of CCH 1." (130).

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"There is a peculiar manifestation in Dianetics known as boil off. Boil-off has assumed tremendously important proportions in processing, since the case that is very heavily entheta'd has its charge held down by such quantities of anaten that the induction of boil-off seems to be the most efficacious way to unburden the case In a boil-off, a pre-clear will go into an apparent sleep. This is not sleep, no matter how much it may appear to be, but is actually a release of unconsciousness which is extremely concentrated and heavy. The release of this permits the case to go forward much more rapidly, because under it will lie quantities of specific incidents which otherwise are masked by this heavy layer. It is possible that a pre-clear may boil off for twenty-five to fifty hours, if he is extremely heavily burdened with entheta. The boil-off has certain strange manifestations. The pre-clear may, when running an incident, suddenly begin to maunder and trail off, giving muttered accounts of strange pictures and unrelated events. This is a mirage effect, through boil-off, and peculiarly disconnected things will clutter up his attention at this time, but he does all this in a very sleepy, dazed condition and shortly after may go into an even deeper boil-off.

Early in Dianetics, it was thought necessary to keep the pre-clear more or less alert in a boil-off. This was an error. The pre-clear should never be disturbed in a boil-off, but should be permitted to continue in this state until the boil-off is exhausted. Further, it was once thought that the pre-clear could be brought up to present time during the boil-off and that the boil-off would continue automatically. This does not appear to be the case. A boil off must be continued on the point of the track where it began to occur.


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(130) Scientology: Clear Procedure, Issue 1, pp. 16jl 7.
(131) Science of Survival, pp. 255/6.

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144. Perhaps more enduring, and certainly more important, are Mr. Hubbard's views of the general principles of auditing. They are, in my view, central to the "processing" which constitutes the principal practice of Scientology, and I therefore quote them here in full, despite their prolixity.
"Auditing Procedures

All requisites for auditing from here on are entirely concerned with procedures and processes. By auditing procedure is meant the general model of how one goes about addressing a preclear. This includes an ability to p1ace one question worded exactly the same way over and over again to the preclear no matter how many times the preclear has answered the question. It should include the ability to acknowledge with a "good" and "all right" every time a preclear executes or completes the execution of a command. It should include the ability to accept a communication from the preclear. When the preclear has something to say, the auditor should acknowledge the fact that he has received the preclear's communication and should pay some attention to the communication. Procedure also includes the ability to sense when the preclear is being over-strained by processing or is being unduly annoyed and to handle such crises in the session to prevent the preclear from leaving. An auditor should also have the ability of handling startling remarks or occurrences by the preclear. An auditor should also have the knack of preventing the preclear from talking obsessively since prolonged conversation markedly reduce the havingness of the preclear, and the sooner Long dissertations by the preclear are cut off the better for the session in general. Processes as distinct from procedures consist of utilizing the principle of the gradient scale to the end of placing the preclear in better control of himself, his mind, the people and the universe around him. By gradient scale is meant a proceeding from simplicity toward greater difficulty, giving the preclear always no more than he can do, but giving him as much as he can do until he can handle a great deal. The idea here is to give the preclear nothing but wins and to refrain from giving the preclear losses in the game of processing. Thus it can be seen that processing is a team activity and is not itself a game whereby the auditor opposes and seeks to defeat the preclear and the preclear seeks to defeat the auditor, for when this condition exists little results in processing.

The earliest stage of auditing consists in taking over control of the preclear so as to restore to the preclear more control of himself than he has had. The most fundamental step is then location, whereby the preclear is made to be aware of the fact that he is in an auditing room, that an auditor is present and that the preclear is being a preclear. Those conditions will become quite apparent if one realizes that it would be very difficult for a son to process a father. A father is not likely to recognize anything else than the boy he raised in his auditor. Therefore the father would have to be made aware of the fact that the son was a competent practitioner before the father could be placed under control in processing. One of the most elementary commands in Scientology is "Look at me, who am I?" After a preclear has been asked to do this many times until he can do so quickly and accurately and without protest, it can be said that the preclear will have "found" the auditor.

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The preclear is asked by the auditor to control, which is to say, start, change and stop (the anatomy of control) anything he is capable of controlling. In a very bad case this might be a very small object being pushed around on a table, being started and changed and stopped each time specifically and only at the auditor's command until the preclear himself realizes that he himself can start, change and stop the object. Sometimes four or five hours spent in this exercise are very well spent on a very difficult preclear.

The preclear is then asked to start, change and stop his own body under the auditor's specific and precise direction. In all of his commands the auditor must be careful never to give a second command before the first one has been fully obeyed. A preclear in this procedure is walked around the room and is made to start, change the direction of and stop his body, one of these at a time, in emphasis, until he realizes that he can do so with ease. Only now could it be said that a session is well in progress or that a preclear is securely under the auditor's command. It should be noted especially that the goal of Scientology is better self-determinism for the preclear. This rules out at once hypnotism, drugs, alcohol or other control mechanisms used by other and other therapies. It will be found that such things are not only not necessary, but they are in direct opposition to the goals of greater ability for the preclear.

The principal paints of concentration for the auditor now become the ability of the preclear to have the ability of the preclear to not-know, and the ability of the preclear to play a game.

An additional factor is the ability of the preclear to be himself and not a number of other people, such as his father, his mother, his marital partner or his children.

The ability of the preclear is increased by addressing to him the process known as the Trio. These are three questions, or rather commands.

1. "Look around here and tell me what you could have".

2. "Look around here and tell me what you would permit to remain in place".

3. "Look around and tell me with what you could dispense".

No. 1 above is used usually about ten times, then No. 2 is used five times, and No. 3 is used once. This ratio of ten, five and one would be an ordinary or routine approach to havingness. The end in view is to bring the preclear into a condition whereby he can possess or own or have whatever he sees, without further conditions, ramifications or restrictions. This is the most therapeutic of all processes, elementary as it might seem.

It is done without too much two-way communication or discussion with the preclear, and it is done until the preclear can answer questions one, two and three equally well. It should be noted at once that twenty-five hours of use of this process by an auditor upon a preclear brings about a very high rise in tone. By saying twenty-five hours it is intended to give the idea of the length of time the process should be used. As it is a strain on the usual person to repeat the same question over and over, it will be seen that an auditor should be well disciplined or very well trained before he audits.

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In the case of a preclear who is very unable, "Can't have" is substituted for "have" in each of the above questions for a few hours, until the preclear is ready for the Trio in its "have" form. This can-can't is the plus and minus aspect of all thought and in Scientology is called by a specialized word "dichotomy".

The rehabilitation of the ability of the preclear to not-know is also rehabilitation of the preclear in the time stream since the process of time consists of knowing the moment and not-knowing the past and not-knowing the future simultaneously. This process, like all other Scientology processes, is repetitive. The process is run, ordinarily, only after the preclear is in very good condition and is generally run in an exterior well-inhabited place. Here the auditor, without exciting public comment, indicates a person and asks the preclear "Can you not-know something about that person?" The auditor does not permit the preclear to "not-know" things which the preclear already doesn't know. The preclear "not-knows" only those things which are visible and apparent about the person. This is also run on other objects in the environment such as walls, floors, chairs and other things. The auditor should not be startled when for the preclear large chunks of the environment start to disappear. This is ordinary routine and in effect the preclear should make the entirety of the environment disappear at his own command. The environment does not disappear for the auditor. The end goal of this "not-know" process is the disappearance of the entire universe, under the preclear's control, but only for the preclear. It will be discovered while running this that the preclear's "havingness" may deteriorate. If this happens. he was not run enough on the Trio before he was run on this process. It is only necessary in such a case to intersperse "Look around here and tell me what you could have" with the "not-know" command to keep the preclear in good condition. Drop of havingness is manifested by nervous agitation, obsessive talk or semi-unconsciousness or "dopeyness" on the part of the preclear. These manifestations indicate only reduction of livingness.

The reverse of the question here is "Tell me something that you would be willing to have that person (indicated by the auditor) not-know about you". Both sides of the question have to be run (audited). This process can be continued for twenty-five hours or even fifty or seventy-five hours of auditing with considerable benefit so long as it does not react too violently upon the preclear in terms of loss of havingness.

It should be noted in running either havingness or "not-know" on a preclear that the preclear may "exteriorize". In other words, it may become apparent either by his observation or because the preclear informs him that the auditor has "exteriorized" a preclear. Under "The Parts of Man" section there is an explanation of this phenomenon. In modem auditing the auditor does not do anything odd about this beyond receive and be interested in the preclear's statement of the fact. The preclear should not be permitted to become alarmed since it is a usual manifestation. A preclear is in better condition and will audit better exteriorized than "in his head". Understanding that an actual ability to "not-know" is an ability to erase the past by self-command without suppressing it with energy or going into any other method is necessary to help the preclear. It is the primary rehabilitation in

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terms of knowingness. Forgetting is a lower manifestation than "not-knowingness".

The third ability to be addressed by the auditor is the ability of the preclear to play a game. First and foremost in the requisites to play a game is the ability to control. One must be able to control something in order to participate in a game. Therefore the general rehabilitation of control by starting, changing and stopping things is a rehabilitation in the ability to play a game. When a preclear refuses to recover, it is because the preclear is using his state as a game, and does not believe that there is any better game for him to play than the state he is in. He may protest if this is called a game. Nevertheless, any condition will surrender if the auditor has the preclear invent similar conditions or even tell lies about the existing condition Inventing games or inventing conditions or inventing problems alike rehabilitate the ability to play a game. Chief among these various rehabilitation factors are control (start, change and stop), problems, and the willingness to overwhelm or be overwhelmed. One ceases to be able to have games when one loses control over various things, when one becomes short of prob1ems and when one is unwilling to be overwhelmed, in other words, to lose or to be or to overwhelm (to win). It will be found while running havingness as in the Trio above that one may run down the ability to play a game since havingness is the reward of a game in part.

In the matter of problems it will be seen that these are completely necessary to the playing of a game. The anatomy of a problem is intention versus intention. This is, of course, in essence the purpose of all games, to have two sides, each one with an opposed intention. Technically a problem is two or more purposes ill conflict. It is very simple to detect whether or not the preclear is suffering from a scarcity of games The preclear who needs more games clutches to himself various present-time problems. If an auditor is confronted with a preclear who is being obsessed by a problem in present-time he knows two things: (1) that the preclear's ability to play a game is low, and (2) that he must run an exact process at once to rehabilitate the preclear in session.

It often happens at the beginning of an auditing session that the preclear has encountered a heavy present-time problem between sessions. The preclear must always be consulted before the session is actually in progress as to whether or not he has "anything worrying" him. To a preclear who is worried about some present-time situation or problem no other process has any greater effectiveness than the following one. The auditor after a very brief discussion of the problem asks the preclear "to invent" a problem of comparable magnitude. He may have to reword this request to make the preclear understand it completely, but the auditor wants in essence the preclear to invent or create a problem he considers similar to problem he has. If the preclear is unable to do this, it is necessary then to have him lie about the problem which he has. Lying is the lowest order of creativeness. After he has lied about the problem for a short time, it will be found that he will be able to invent problems He should be made to invent problem after problem until he is no longer concemed with his present-time problem.

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The auditor should understand that a preclear who is "now willing to do something about the problem" has not been run long enough on the intention of problems of comparable magnitude. As long as the preclear is attempting to do something about the problem, the problem is still of obsessive importance to him. No session can be continued successfully until such a present-time problem is entirely flat, and it has been the experience that when a present-time problem was not completely eradicated by this process that the remainder of the session or indeed the entire course of auditing may be interrupted.

When a preclear does not seem to be advancing under auditing, a thing which he does markedly and observedly, it must then be supposed that the preclear has a present-time problem which has not been eradicated and which must be handled in auditing. Although the auditor gives the preclear to understand that he too believes this present-time problem is extremely important, the auditor should not believe that this process will not handle any present-time problem, since it will. This process should be done on some preclears in company with the Trio.

If the preclear is asked to "lie about" or "invent a problem of comparable magnitude", and while doing so becomes agitated or unconscious or begins to talk wildly or obsessively, it must be assumed that he will have to have some havingness run on him until the agitation or manifestation ceases so that the problem of comparable magnitude process can be resumed.

Another aspect of the ability to play a game is the willingness to win and the willingness to lose. An individual has to be willing to be cause or willing to be an effect. As far as games are concerned, this is reduced to a willingness to win and a willingness to lose. People become afraid of defeat and afraid of failure. The entire anatomy of failure is only that one's postulates or intentions are reversed in action. For instance, one intends to strike a wall and strikes it. That is a win. One intends not to strike a wall and doesn't strike it. That is again a win. One intends not to strike a wall and strikes it. That is a lose. One intends to strike a wall and can't strike it. This is again a lose. It will be seen in this as well as other things that the most significant therapy there is is changing the mind. All things are as one considers they are and in no other way. It it [sic] is sufficiently simple to give the definition of winning and losing. so it is simple to process the matter.

This condition is best expressed, it appears, in processing by a process known as "overwhelming". An elementary way of running this is to take the preclear outside where there are numbers of people to observe and, indicating a person, to ask the preclear "What could overwhelm that person? "When the preclear answers this, he is asked about the same person, "What could that person overwhelm?" He is then asked as the third question, "Look around here and tell me what you could have?" These three questions are run one after the other. Then another person is chosen and then the three questions are asked again. This process can be varied in its wording, but the central idea must remain as above. The preclear can be asked, "What would you permit to overwhelm that person?" and "What would you permit that person to overwhelm?" and of course

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"Look around here and tell me what you could have." This is only one of a number of possible processes on the subject of overwhelming, but it should be noted that asking the preclear to think of things which would overwhelm him could be fatal to the case. Where overwhelming is handled, the preclear should be given a detached view.

A counter-position to havingness processes, but one which is less therapeutic, is "separateness". One asks the preclear to look around and discover things which are separate from things. This is repeated over and over. It is, however, destructive of havingness even though it will occasionally prove beneficial.

It will be seen that havingness (barriers), "notknowingness" (being in present time and not in the past or the future), purposes (problems, antagonists, or intention-counter-intention), and separateness (freedom will cover the anatomy of games. It is not to be thought, however, that havingness addresses itself only to games. Many other factors enter into it. In among all of these, it is of the greatest single importance.

One addresses in these days of Scientolo6y the subjective self, the mind, as little as possible. One keeps the preclear alert to the broad environment around him. An address to the various energy patterns of the mind is less beneficial than exercises which directly approach other people or the physical universe. Therefore, asking a preclear to sit still and answer the question "What could you have?", when it is answered by the preclear from his experience or on the score of things which are not present, is found to be non-therapeutic and is found instead to decrease the ability and intelligence of the preclear. This is what is known as a subjective (inside the mind only) process.

These are the principal processes which produce marked gains. There are other processes and there are combinations of processes, but these given here are the most important. A Scientologist knowing the mind completely can of course do many "tricks" with the conditions of people to improve them. One of these is the ability to address a psychosomatic illness such as a crippled leg which, having nothing physically wrong with it, yet is not useable. The auditor could ask the preclear "Tell me a lie about your leg" with a possible relief of the pain or symptoms. Asking the preclear repeatedly "Look around here and tell me something your leg could have" would undoubtedly release the somatic. Asking the preclear with the bad leg "What problem could your leg be to you?" or desiring him to "Invent a problem of comparable magnitude to your leg" would produce a distinct change in the condition of the leg. This would apply to any other body part or organ. It would also apply, strangely enough, to the preclear's possessions. If a preclear had a vehicle or cart which was out of repair or troublesome to him, one could ask him "What problem could a cart be to you?" and thus requesting him to invent many such problems one would discover that he had solved his problems with the cart. There is a phenomenon in existence that the preclear already has many set games. When one asks him to give the auditor problems, he already has the manifestations of as-ising or erasing taking place. Thought erases; therefore the number of problems or games the preclear could have would be reduced

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by asking him to recount those which he already has. Asking the preclear to describe his symptoms is far less therapeutic and may result in a worsening of those symptoms, contrary to what some schools of thought have believed in the past, but which accounts for their failures.

There are specific things which one must avoid in auditing. These follow:

1. Significances. The easiest thing a thetan does is change his mind. The most difficult thing he does is handle the environment in which he finds himself situated. Therefore, asking a thetan to run out various ideas is a fallacy. It is a mistake. Asking the preclear to think over something can also be an error. asking a preclear to do exercises which concemed his mind alone can be entirely fatal. A preclear is processed between himself and his environment. If he is processed between himself and his mind, he is processed up too short a view and his condition will worsen.

2. Two-way communication. There can be far too much two-way communication or far too much communication in an auditing session. Communication involves the reduction of havingness. Letting a preclear talk on and on or obsessively is to let a preclear reduce his havingness. The preclear who is permitted to go on talking will talk himself down the tone scale and into a bad condition. It is better for the auditor simply and discourteously to tell a preclear to "shut-up" than to have the preclear run himself "out of the bottom" of havingness. You can observe this for yourself if you permit a person who is not too able to talk about his troubles to keep on talking. He wil1 begin to talk more and more hecticly. He is reducing his havingness. He will eventually talk himself down the tone scale into apathy at which time he will be willing to tell you (as you insist upon it) that he "feels better" when, as a matter of fact, he is actually worse. Asking a preclear "How do you feel now?" can reduce his havingness since he looks over his present-time condition and as-ises some mass.

3. Too many processes. It is possible to run a preclear on too many processes in too short a time with a reduction of the preclear's recovery. This is handled by observing the communication lag of the preclear. It will be discovered that the preclear will space his answers to a repeated question differently with each answer. When a long period ensues between his answer to the question a second time, he is said to have a "communication lag". The "communication lag" is the length of time between the placing of the question by the auditor and the answering of that exact question by the preclear. It is not the length of time between the placing of the question by the auditor and some statement by the preclear. It will be found that the communication lag lengthens and shortens on a repeated question. The question on the tenth time it has been asked may detect no significant lag. This is the time to stop asking that question since it now has no appreciable communication lag. One can leave any process when the communication lag for three successive questions is the same. In order to get from one process to another, one employs a communication bridge which to a marked degree reduces the liability of too many processes. A communication bridge is always used. Before a question is asked, the preclear should have the question discussed with him and the wording of the question agreed upon, as though he were making a contract with the auditor. The auditor says that he is going to have the preclear do certain things and finds out if it's

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all right with the preclear if the auditor asks him to do these things. This is the first part of a communication bridge. It precedes all questions, but when one is changing from one process to another, the bridge becomes a bridge indeed. One levels out the old process by asking the preclear whether or not he doesn't think it is safe to leave that process now. One discusses the possible benefit of the process and then tells the preclear that he is no longer going to use that process. Now he tells the preclear he is going to use a new process, describes the process and gets an agreement on it. When the agreement is achieved, then he uses this process. The communication bridge is used at all times. The last half of it, the agreement on a new process, is used always before any process is begun.

4. Failure to handle the present-time problem. Probably more cases are stalled or found unable to benefit in processing because of the neglect of the present-time problem, as covered above, than any other single item.

5. Unconsciousness, "dopeyness" or agitation on the part of the preclear is not a mark of good condition. It is a loss of havingness. The preclear must never be processed into unconsciousness or "Dopeyness". He should always be kept alert. The basic phenomenon of unconsciousness is " a flow which has flowed too long in one direction". If one talks too long at somebody he will render him unconscious. In order to wake up the target of all that talk, it is necessary to get the unconscious person to do some talking. It is simply necessary to reverse any flow to make unconsciousness disappear, but this is normally cared for in modem Scientology by running the Trio above." (132)

145. The following is an example of a published auditing case-history, in which it will be noted that the pre-clear is described as "the patient":-
"SCIENTOLOGIST'S REPORT

SCIENTOLOGIST: PETER A. DAVIES, H.A.A.

PRECLEAR: CASE No. 3

Former Condition In grief - easily invalidated, unsure of own potential.

Mental Outlook

Now more sure of my own potentials on first dynamic, for probably the first time.

Physical Improvement

Body feels clearer (more relaxed), and lighter.

What you attribute improvement to

Confronting engram which has resolved my case as follows: I did not know I had lived before.

Engram Report

I located a moment of loss in the patient's past and she gave me the number 56. By using the E-meter the time of this moment of loss was 56 B.C., the date being March 19th. On questioning the preclear, she told


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(132) Fundamentals of Thought, pp. 108-128

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me that she had lost a body at this time by suicide. The body was that of a Roman soldier on garrison duty in Greece.

The preclear went quickly into the incident and there was a great amount of grief over what he thought had been the slaughter of family and friends.

Later on, the preclear found this to be an hallucination due to poison he had been given, and it was not more than four hours before I had a good outline of the incident. The incident ran thus:

On the morning of March l9th the soldier preclear took his wife to a grove a few miles away from the city, for a picnic, accompanied by many friends all riding in chariots. He then returned to the city to see his mistress, knowing that he shouldn't see her. He was rebuffed at her house and, because of the jealousy of his mistress, she gave him a poisonous drink. The drink dulled his senses to a marked degree and caused a lot of misemotion. He made his way back to the grove by chariot; on the way back the chariot broke down, the wheel coming off after being jolted by a boulder.

The soldier walked and ran the rest of the way suffering agony from the poisonous drink, being delirious. On arrival the soldier went through hallucinations of his dead wife and friends, murdered around him. Through all this delirium he decided that no one could ever help him, and after some effort plunged his sword into his heart.

On the death of his body he was bewildered and for 45 minutes could not understand why he should be alive, and his body dead. He kept near his dead body for three hours, feeling the heat of the sun on the dead body and watching a soldier take the sword out of it. He had decided to stay with the dead body until it had been helped in some way. Now, detached from his body, he decided to use the body of the brother of the woman who poisoned him, as he was in the vicinity. He wanted to feel bodily emotions again and also to feel the experience of seeing the woman who poisoned him through another person's body. During the time he was in that person's body he experienced the emotions of that person and also that person's profession.

He did see that woman again and later on in the evening left that person's body and went back to take a look at his old dead body to see if it was right. He sensed the "cheesy" smell of the body.

Three years later he came back to that area still without a body and was surprised to find a man sleeping in the same spot where he had left his dead body. End of incident.

During the running of this incident pieces of the incident began to fit together like a jigsaw puzzle, until the whole of the incident knitted together.

For a large part of the time the preclear went through and felt she was actually in the incident, and went through degradation, unconsciousness, effort, pain, physical agony, emotion and thoughts in the incident. Later the patient could view the whole incident objectively and take full responsibility for it.

The act of suicide was not easy for the preclear to confront, but with some prompting, she did it all right." (133)


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(133) Have You Lived Before This Life?, pp. 37/8.

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146. There is a bewildering variety of processing and training courses available to those who can afford them. It would serve little purpose for me to try to classify or distinguish between them, since they evidently change frequently. I am content to take the latest state of affairs from Mr. Gaiman's answer to a questionnaire of mine which he sent me on 19th June 1970: -
"The Church offers Dianetic auditing, Scientology Grade auditing which is comprised in the five Grades 0-IV, namely Communication, Problems, Relief, Freedom, Ability, Power and Power Plus and the Solo Auditing Course, as well as its broad social and Sunday devotional activities. We also run training courses ....

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The Church provides auditing in minimum 5-hour lots but parishioners on average receive auditing in 25-hour lots. An individual might take from 50 to 100 hours to achieve a stable Release and as a result achieve the next Grade in a matter of 10-20 hours. I would say that a person has achieved a stable gain in auditing after perhaps 150 hours. Although there have been variations in this from time to time, this is the norm and is current practice.

When a person has successfully completed a course he will be respectively a Dianetics Release, a Grade 0, I, II, III, IV, V & VI Release.

Dianetic Counselling began in 1950. There have been many refinements over the years. In 1969 Standard Dianetics was introduced. Scientology auditing began in 1952/53. Counselling has continued throughout the whole of this period but the actual Grade sequence was introduced in 1965, and Power and Grade VI in 1965/66.

In order to audit a respective level of auditing, an auditor must be respectively a Dianetic Auditor, Class 0 Auditor, Class I Auditor and so on. Only a Class III Auditor can audit Power, and Grade VI is audited by the person concerned (Solo Auditing). In practice most Grade auditing is given by Auditors who are Class VI and above. The training for a Class VI Auditor runs into many hundreds of hours and in addition all practising auditors, even after receiving their formal training. spend 3 hours a day training to keep up to scratch. In order to become a Class VII auditor a person must already be a very expert auditor and he will spend very many months in training on the particular techniques of Class VII, and a Class VIII Auditor (which is the highest class of Auditor) will have had training extending over a number of years. Rigorous examinations are given to auditors who are required to achieve 100 per cent pass mark. Very many long hours of training extending over many months and after that still more months of practice are required for an auditor to achieve the precise standards required.

----------

Parishioners make contributions for their auditing depending on the number of hours received - 25 hours 125; 50 hours 225; 75 hours

100


325. This applies to both Scientology and Dianetic auditing. A 5 per cent discount is given for advance contributions. A 50 per cent discount is given for any Hubbard Professional Auditor Class III and above or old-time (pre-1955) Hubbard Professional Auditor or Hubbard Certified Auditor. Students training to be Class IV auditors receive 50 per cent discount, 5 hours special auditing costs 30 and Group Auditing 5."
It will be seen that "patients" are no longer mentioned; those undergoing auditing are now described as "parishioners".

147. Judging from "The Auditor", No. 33 (1968), there would appear to be two routes to the top: -

"THE IDEAL AUDITOR ROUTE

1.  Personal Efficiency Course ......................................    Local Org
2.  Hubbard Apprentice Scientologist Course .........................    Local Org
3.  Hubbard Dianetic Auditor Course .................................    Local Org
4.  0 to IV Grade Processing.........................................    Local Org
5.  Academy Training to Class IV.....................................    Local Org
6.  Power Processing ................................................    Saint Hill
7.  Saint Hill Special Briefing Course...............................    Saint Hill
     (includes Solo Audit training to Grade VI)
8.  Clearing Course ...............................     Saint Hill and Advanced Org
9.  Class VII Internship.............................................    Saint Hill
10. OT Court (Sections I and 2)....................     Saint Hill and Advanced Org
11. OT Course (Section 3 and above)..........................     Advanced Org only

THE IDEAL PRECLEAR ROUTE


1.  Dianetic Auditor's Course...........................    Local Org or Saint Hill
2.  0 to IV Grade Processing.........................................     Local Org
3.  Power Processing ...............................................     Saint Hill
4.  Solo Audit Course (to Grade VI).................................     Saint Hill
5.  Clearing Course.................................    Saint Hill and Advanced Org
6.  OT Course (Sections 1 and 2) ...................    Saint Hill and Advanced Org
7.  OT Course (Section 3 and above)..........................     Advanced Org only

Where a Scientologist taking the Ideal Preclear Route has done earlier Academy training, the Hubbard Dianetic Auditor Course is not necessary.

L. Ron Hubbard recommends the Ideal Auditor Route for all Scientologists. This is the route which produces trained Auditors - the most valuable and causative Beings in this Universe. Come join them."

101


148. As for the cost of these, the latest published price list which I have seen reads as follows:-
"DUE TO TECHNICAL ADVANCES AND IMPROVEMENTS IN THE O.T. SECTIONS, THE FOLLOWING PRICES ARE AMENDED 1969 ADVANCED ORGS PRICE SAVING

On the first of January 1969, the cost of Advanced Course sections will be as follows:


    OT I  .............  $75.00 (yet is entirely new)
    OT II  ............  $500.00
    OT III  ...........  $870.00
    OT IV  ............  $75.00 (Plus $200. Review costs by a Class VIII Auditor)
    OT V  .............  $875.00
    OT VI  ............  $350.00
    OT VII ............  $500.00
    OT VIII  ..........  $500.00
                         ---------
                         $3,800.00
                         ---------

As a Package after 1 January 1969, you will be able to obtain all 8 sections for $3400.00.

If purchased now you need only pay $2850.00.

Buy now in Advance and save.

The Class VIII Course, taught only at Advanced Orgs in the U.S. and England is $1500.00 and takes from 3 to 5 weeks.

All auditing and Reviews are being greatly improved by the advent of the Class VIII Auditor and Standard Techn.

Write the Registrar

Care OT Liaison
Saint Hill Manor
East Grinstead
Sussex
England"

Mr. Gaiman, in correspondence with me, puts it in rather different language:-
"Offerings for the Courses are as follows: Clearing 318, O T I 28., O.T.II 199.10.0d., O.T.III 346.15.0d., O.T.IV 28.10.0d., O.T.V 346.15.0d., O.T.VIII 137.15.0d."
149. In addition, a variety of peripheral courses is offered from time to time, ranging from a set of "Mini-Courses" costing from $10 to $150 to a "Public Relations Officer course" at $800. The Mini-Courses include a Valence Course, an Ethics Course, a Letter Writing Course, a Meter Reading Course, and a Finance Course, which is described as covering "Ron's contribution to Finance and how it is applied in Scientology Orgs and all organisations. Spend some time and money and become cause over accounts,

102


and money direct from the policy of L. Ron Hubbard". The Public Relations Officer Course is advertised to cover subjects such as How to Build a World Personality, the Technique of Stage Lighting, Voice and Voice Production, Handling T.V. Interviews, Disseminating and Ethnics (sic).

150. The Anderson Board actually had a demonstration of "auditing". Here is the relevant section from its Report (134):

"The particular session demonstrated what was called "listen style auditing". It was said that this was one of the simpler processes, quite a low grade process, and was designed to help people talk about their worries and problems and get them "off their chests", on the basis that people found relief when there was someone ready and willing to listen to them. It enabled the person with problems and worries to talk about them and the auditor, on this occasion being very literally one who listened, merely started the preclear talking and then sat silent, providing a receptive ear.

The demonstration session was of about thirty minutes duration The auditor was Tampion and the preclear was a woman approaching middle age. She appeared to be nervous, excitable and enthusiastic. This woman had initially signed for 50 hours processing in June, 1962, but the director of processing, carrying out "the old routine" as directed by Hubbard, had certified that she required 300 hours before she could obtain a "stable gain", and she had then signed up for 300 hours. By February, l964, she had had something in excess of 60 hours' auditing and had undergone some training. The session was conducted in a small room with only the auditor and the preclear present, the Board and others viewed proceedings in another room on closed television circuit. An E-meter was used.

The session began with the customary strict routine of "start of session", and the auditor then commanded the preclear to "Tell me about the right decisions you have made". The preclear thereupon commenced talking and almost without pause talked for the whole of the session about herself, her daughter, her husband and his woman friend, her neighbours, her work and her employment. It was a somewhat pitiful performance in which the preclear seemed to be talking herself into the belief that all the problems associated with the matters she mentioned were working themselves out and that she was understanding them better. At the end of the session, she said she had made gains. Nine days after the demonstration session this preclear was admitted as a patient to the care of the Mental Health Authority.

The Board is appalled at the realization that it witnessed this unfortunate woman being processed into insanity. At that early stage of the Inquiry the Board had not been informed of the potentially dangerous nature of this apparently simple and easy "listen style auditing". Subsequently a psychiatrist witness who read the transcript of this woman's demonstration session gave evidence that her behaviour in the session indicated clearly that she was in a state of


----------

(134) pp. 134/5.

103


mania rather than ecstasy, which would have been readily apparent to a psychiatrist. Williams, Tampion and Mrs. Tampion were present at this session and the woman was obviously regarded by them as a suitable subject for auditing. Williams is a "Doctor of Scientology", and Tampion, for his services in conducting the demonstration sessions, was subsequently awarded the "degree" of "Doctor of Scientology" by Hubbard. Neither Williams nor Mrs. Tampion had the slightest idea that there was anything mentally wrong with this preclear. Later, Williams unconvincingly sought to explain the need for hospitalization as being the stress of vaguely hinted at family troubles. Williams when asked did he know what a schizophrenic was, was constrained to answer that hc knew only in the broadest terms. Tampion claimed that because of his scientology training his ability to treat people with psychotic and neurotic conditions was superior to the ability of psychiatrists although he did not bother to give the time to treating such people.

The kind of treatment given to this unfortunate woman was the very kind which precipitated her breakdown. The Board heard expert psychiatric evidence to the effect that it was one of the well known traps in handling depressives to believe that by encouraging them to talk and "get things off their chests" one was doing some good. In dealing with a person showing signs of depression, psychiatrists have to exercise great care and judgment in determining whether it is advisable to allow the person to talk about himself or not. The traditional concept of a psychiatrist as one who encourages a person to sit down and talk about anything is not correct In order to determine whether a patient should be allowed to talk about himself, the psychiatrist must be a highly trained physician, with insight of many branches of medicine, as well as of his own speciality, and the listener must be able to observe and appreciate the danger signs. In particular cases, positive harm may be done by encouraging a person in depression to talk about himself, for the patient could be developing a pathological sense of guilt, and to allow him to elaborate on his guilt may develop in him such a sense of guilt that he may well attempt suicide.

There was further expert psychiatric evidence that such techniques as listen style auditing encourage a trust and dependency by the patient on the auditor, and tend to mobilize guilt and bring up emotions and anxiety in the preclear. Such anxiety tends to provoke more symptoms, more anxiety and perhaps more depression, leading to a worsening of the situation. In any event, being a good listener or interviewer is not sufficient. What is required is an understanding of the complexities which are involved, an understanding impossible of attainment by a person whose only clai In is that he is a scientology-trained auditor."

151. And here are the Scientology leadership's comments (135) on that passage:-
"Out of the thousands of persons who had been helped by increasing their knowledge about themselves and life generally, Anderson could

----------

(135) Kangaroo Court, p. 23.

104


only find one person whom he could allege had been harmed by Scientology. He deals with her case at length in the Report. Even then he was way off!

He announces to the world that one woman was processed into mental derangement in his presence. He does not state that he knew that this person had a long history of mental illnesses, she had been in and out of psychiatric wards and she was audited on a very simple process which consisted of the auditor, Ian Tampion, sitting down and listening to her talking for about only 15 minutes. Her husband and relatives were violently against Scientology. After she went home, she had a very troubled time from some members of her family. Her husband threatened her and continuously insulted her and threatened to injure her daughter. This caused a heavy strain. Her grandmother told her all the time, how bad she was; she had no one to turn to. The doctors were against Scientology, which, at that time, was under heavy governmental attack. Thus, nine weeks later, in order to get away from these persons who were literally driving her mad, she signed in as a voluntary patient in one of Dr. Cunningham Dax's institutions. Anderson was so delighted about this case, that he refused to hear any evidence of the contributory causes of this woman's relapse Needless to say, he does not mention this in the Report. The conduct of this woman's husband needed investigation. What other members of the family were doing to her he brushed aside." (135)

152. Mr. Hubbard evidently takes the view that auditing can never do any harm:-
"No auditor should audit with the fear that he will do some irreparable damage if he makes an error.

"Dianetics: The Modem Science of Mental Health" provides the answer to the question, "What happens if I make a mistake?"

The following extracts are from "Dianetics: The Modem Science of Mental Health", Book 3, Chapter 1, "The Mind's Protection".

"The mind is a self protecting mechanism. Short of the use of drugs as in narco-synthesis, shock, hypnotism or surgery, no mistake can be made by an Auditor which cannot be remedied either by himself or by another Auditor".

"Any case, no matter how serious, no matter how unskilled the auditor, is better opened than left closed." (136)

153. The Scientology leadership is highly sensitive of any suggestion that "processing" involves, or even resembles, any form of hypnosis. Over and over again, they protest that no hypnosis of any kind is practised, and that any apparent resemblance is wholly coincidental.

154. The Anderson Board disagreed:-

". . . the scientific evidence which the Board heard from several expert witnesses of the highest repute and possessed of the highest qualifications in their professions of medicine, psychology, and other sciences

----------

(135) Kangaroo Court, p. 23.
(136) HCO P/L of l7th April 1970, Issue 11.

105


- and which was virtually unchallenged - leads to the inescapable conclusion that it is only in name that there is any difference between authoritative hypnosis and most of the techniques of scientology. Many scientology techniques are in fact hypnotic techniques, and Hubbard has not changed their nature by changing their names ". (137)
By "Authoritative hypnosis" Mr. Anderson meant a form of hypnosis, "where the hypnotist assumes positive authoritative contact over the patient who, though he may or may not be aware of what techniques the practitioner is practising on him, is nevertheless under the domination of the hypnotist pursuant to positive commands" (138)

155. On this issue, the following passages (139) from Mr. Hubbard's best-selling book may shed some light:-

"The patient sits in a comfortable chair, with arms, or lies on a couch in a quiet room where perceptic distractions are minimal. The auditor tells him to look at the ceiling. The auditor says: "When I count from one to seven your eyes will close". The auditor then counts from one to seven and keeps counting quietly and pleasantly until the patient closes his eyes. A tremble of the lashes will be noticed in optimum reverie.

This is the entire routine. Consider it more a signal that proceedings are to begin and a means of concentrating the patient on his own concerns and the auditor than anything else. This is not hypnotism. It is vastly different. In the first place the patient knows everything which is going on around him. He is not "asleep", and he can bring himself out of it any time he likes. He is free to move about, but, because it distracts the patient, the auditor does not usually permit him to smoke.

The auditor makes very sure that the patient is not hypnotized by telling him, before he begins to count, "You will know everything which goes on. You will be able to remember everything that happens. You can exercise your own control. If you do not like what is happening, you can instantly pull out of it. Now, one, two, three, four," etc.

To make doubly sure, for we want no hypnotism, even by accident, the auditor installs a canceller. This is an extremely important step and should not be omitted even when you may be entirely certain that he is in no way influenced by your words. The auditor may inadvertently use restimulative language which will key-in an engram: he may, when he is especially new in dianetics, use such a thing as a holder or a denyer, telling the pre-clear to "stay there" when he is returned on the track or telling him, worst of all things, to "forget it", one of a class of phrases of the forgetter mechanism which is most severe in its aberrative effect, denying the data entirely to the analyzer. To prevent such things from happening, the canceller is vital. It is a contract with the patient that whatever the auditor says will not become literally interpreted by the patient or used by him


----------

(137) Anderson Report, p. 115.
(138) ibid.
(139) Dianetics: MSMH (1968), p. 199/200. 

106


in any way. It is installed immediately after the condition of reverie is established. A canceller is worded more or less as follows: "In the future, when I utter the word Cancelled, everything which I have said to you while you are in a therapy session will be cancelled and will have no force with you. Any suggestion I have made to you will be without force when I say the word Cancelled. Do you understand?"

The word cancelled is then said to the patient immediately before he is permitted to open his eyes at the end of the session. It is not further amplified. The single word is used.

The canceller is vital. It prevents accidental positive suggestion The patient may be suggestible or even in a permanent light hypnotic trance (many people go through life in such a trance)."

(d) Children

156. One of the accusations which has been levelled at Scientology is that it is applied to children. This appears to be common ground: in a letter to me dated 22nd March l970, Mr. Gaiman says:-
"Our policy has always been not to accept any minors without written parental consent. Children's courses, criticised by the Minister [of Health] were communication "play" courses, and parental consent was always required".
Again, in the "Report to Members of Parliament", there is a reprint of an interview with seven-year-old Neil Gaiman conducted by the B.B.C.'s "World at Weekend" programme in August 1968, in which Neil explains that Scientology is "an applied philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge", that he has passed Grade I - "Problems Release" - on the way to Clear and has just finished Engrams. The Scientologists' comment is: 'Of course Scientologists, educate their children in their religious philosophy. There are children's courses attended by children with parents' signed consent'. 157. How that consent is worded can be seen from the following form, reproduced from an HCO P/L of 23rd May 1969 in which it is described as "a prerequisite", "for use when students audit minors":-
"PARENT OR GUARDIAN ASSENT TO DIANETIC PROCESSING
I .............................................................................................
of ...........................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
do attest that I give my full consent for my child/ward ...................
..................................................................... to be audited on Standard
Dianetics Processes by ................................... ........... (Auditor) and that

I understand that the Auditor is a student of Dianetics which is known to be Pastoral Counselling, a religious guide intended to make happy human beings and not treating or diagnosing any medical ailments of body or mind whatsoever.

Date .................................. Signature ....................................."

107


158. Scientology periodicals regularly carry promotional matter for children of which the following is typical:-

"ENROL YOUR CHILD ON THE CHILDREN'S COURSES

Give your child the best start in life.

SPECIAL OFFER
Children who have taken the Children's Courses may take all the courses on the route to Clear at half price. A Clear is a person who is at cause knowingly and at will over mental matter, energy, space and time with regard to the First Dynamic (survival for self). Children who wish to take these courses again may do so at half price.

CONTACT THE REGISTRAR TODAY at The Scientology Foundation, Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex.

Telephone: East Grinstead 24571-2-3 (three lines)." (140) 159. Children's courses are also made the subject of the handbill approach, as in this instance:-

"HUBBARD COLLEGE OF SCIENTOLOGY

Founder L. Ron Hubbard

Saint Hill Manor,
East Grinstead,
Sussex, England.

Cable: Scientology East Grinstead, England
Tel: 95176 H C O Sthil Egstd
Tel: East Grinstead 24571-2-3

CHILDREN & YOUNG PEOPLE
This is your first Scientology Course.

THE CHILDREN'S COMMUNICATION COURSE


This Course is for you. It is easy and lots of fun.
Here you will find out that you can enjoy your family, friends, school and games - and YOURSELF - much more by being able to

TALK EASILY

with other people and by knowing what Communication really is. Life is so much more fun when you can talk easily to others and answer them without feeling shy.


----------
(140) Change - The Scientology Foundation Magazine, Issue XVII, 1968, p. 9.

108


It's fun to be able to make friends -

SO COME AND JOIN US

The next Course begins on 6th August.

Be at Reception, Saint Hill Weekend Foundation, Saint Hill, at 2.00 p.m. to register on the Course.

The Course lasts for six Sundays - 2.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.

The cost of the whole Course is 2.10.0.

The age Group of this Course is from 6 to 14 years.

LEONORA ADAM
per Foundation Children's Course Supervisor

VIf/aap (67JUN51b)

CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY OF CALIFORNIA

(Incorporated in U.S.A. with Limited Liability. Registered in England)

Julia Lewis Salmen (USA) President for USA. Pam Pearcy, President for UK & Commonwealth. Kenneth M. Salmen (USA) Vice President. Denny L. Fields (USA) Secretary. Mary Long, Vice President. Monica Quirino, Secretary. Valerie Guzzetti, Resident Agent (England)."

160. To get an idea of what is involved in the "processing" of children to which parents are asked to consent, it is necessary to look at a standard Scientology publication which goes under the title "Child Dianetics - Dianetics Processing for Children". This is a booklet of 92 pages first published in 1951, with later editions in 1962, 1965 and 1967. I quote the following passages:-
"Dianetic Processing

1. From the time the child begins to speak,, use straight-line memory technique on locks, controls, and valance shifts.

2. Do not invalidate the child's sense of reality; honor the Auditor's Code.

3. Re-orient the child semantically, by treating reception of original faulty information as a lock.

4. From the age of 8, run the child in reverie: pleasure, grief and locks.

5. From the age of 12, process the child, using standard procedure as outlined in SCIENCE OF SURVIVAL: Simplified, Faster Dianetic Techniques.

6. Restate any dianetic term if it contains a charge for the child, or treat the receipt of the charge as a lock.

E. Things to Remember

1. Recognize that the authority on identifying as well as treating organic ills, germ-borne diseases, is your physician. If possible, choose one who is a Dianeticist or knows his Dianetics.

2. Be familiar with methods of medical first aid. 3. Observe the precepts of preventive medicine and efficient nutrition."(14l)


----------
(141) p. 79

109


"It is possible to process a child at any age level beyond the point when he learns to speak. However, no serious processing should be undertaken until the child is at least five. Extensive dianetic processing is not encouraged, except in very unusual circumstances, until the child is at least eight years of age. Much good can be accomplished before the age of eight by straight-line memory technique, and in the period from eight to twelve years the child may be processed by any of the techniques outlined here. But one should not force the child into the prenatal area until he is at least twelve years old. If a return to the basic area is made by the child, it is to be accepted and treated as a matter of course and engrams reduced or erased, but the auditor should not in any way force the child to do so." (142)

"The problem of processing children is of utmost importance and will occupy a much greater portion of the auditor's attention than working with adults. Accessibility, parental interference, and a child's lack of the right kind of education, all combine to present a real challenge to the auditor - one which only his exercise of deep insight and sphinx-like patience will enable him to meet. He must be firm and at the same time diplomatic with the child's parents. He must meet the child on a companionship level and literally become the child's private tutor. And he must be able to fathom the root of a problem not only from a jumble of information, but from a complete lack of data as well." (143)

161. One extract (144) will suffice to exemplify the kind of technique recommended:-
"Nephew Jimmy, age 10½, has been showing the auditor his work bench and the model airplanes he is currently building. Jimmy knows that his uncle is an HDA [Hubbard Dianetic Auditor], but doesn't know what Dianetics is. He has a great deal of affinity for his uncle.

AUDITOR: Very nice. Say, let's try some Dianetics.

JIMMY: Okay. What do I do?

AUDITOR: Make yourself comfortable on the bed. Take off your shoes. (Jimmy does this). You want a pillow? Are you comfortable?

JIMMY: I don't need a pillow. I'm all right.

AUDITOR: You will remember all that happens. All right. You may close your eyes. If the light is too bright, you may put one arm over your eyes. (Jimmy does this). Now, let's return to a very pleasant incident. (Pause) What are you doing?

JIMMY: I was playing with my dog in the back yard.

AUDITOR: What is your dog's name?

JIMMY: Spike.

AUDITOR: What do you hear?


----------
(142) p. 31.
(143) p. 35.
(144) pp. 51-59.

110


JIMMY: My dog was barking.

AUDITOR: What else do you hear?

JIMMY: Cars going by in the street.

AUDITOR: Is anyone talking?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: Is anyone else there?

JIMMY: Yes, my mother was hanging up the wash.

(Jimmy remains aware of the reality of the incident as something that happened to him in the past. Continues to use past tense and yet returns efficiently. Perceptics seem to be good).

AUDITOR: What are you doing?

JIMMY: Playing with my dog.

AUDITOR: Is it fun?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: What sort of a day is it?

JIMMY: Warm.

AUDITOR: What happens next?

JIMMY: I go in the house.

AUDITOR: Let's return to the beginning of the incident and go through it again.

JIMMY: I was in the back yard. I was playing with my dog. After a while I go in the house.

AUDITOR: Return to the beginning and go through it again.

JIMMY: I was in the yard.

AUDITOR: What do you hear?

JIMMY: The cars going by and my dog barking.

AUDITOR: Are you saying anything?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: How old are you?

JIMMY: Three.

AUDITOR: Continue.

JIMMY: I pet my dog and then I go in the house.

AUDITOR: How do you feel?

JIMMY: Fine.

----------

AUDITOR: All right, let's see about that. Make yourself comfortable on the bed. (Jimmy does). Now it may be necessary to return to a moment where you are uncomfortable, have a pain, or what is called a somatic. A somatic is a feeling of pain. By running through this somatic several times it will go away. In Dianetics it is necessary to return to this somatic and eliminate it, do away with it, so that we have greater pleasure in life. Are you willing to do this?

111


JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: Remember, just be prepared to do what I ask and the somatic will go after we go over it several times. You will remember all that happens.

JIMMY: Okay.

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: How does it feel?

JIMMY: Not so good.

AUDITOR: What does your mother say?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: What do you say?

JIMMY: I cry.

AUDITOR: What happens then?

JIMMY: Mother takes me and puts me in the crib?

AUDITOR: What do you do?

JIMMY: I keep on crying for a little while.

AUDITOR: Let's return to the beginning of the incident.

JIMMY: My mother was spanking me.

AUDITOR: What happens before your mother spanks you?

JIMMY: I was reaching for something on the coffee table.

AUDITOR: What does mother say?

JIMMY: "Don't touch that. If you do, I'll have to spank you and put you to bed".

AUDITOR: Where are you?

JIMMY: In the front room.

AUDITOR: What are you reaching for?

JIMMY: (Pause) A . . . an ash tray.

AUDITOR: What happens?

JIMMY: My mother picks me up and spanks me.

AUDITOR: What does she say?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AIJDITOR: Can you feel the spanking?

JIMMY: Yes. (Jimmy's body position show that he is feeling pain.)

AUDITOR: Is it too painful?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: What happens then?

JIMMY: My mother takes me in the bedroom and puts me in the crib. (By the fourth time through this incident the somatic is reduced).

AUDITOR: How do you feel? Shall we go on?

JIMMY: Fine. Okay.

112


AUDITOR: Now, let's return to way before you were born, to the first moment you were aware. Return to way before you were born. When I go from A to E and snap my fingers you will hear the first words. A-B-C-D-E-(snap). What do you hear?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: When I read from A to E you will hear the first words.

A B-C-D-E (snap). What do you hear?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: What happens?

JIMMY: My mother was out walking. She walks a couple of blocks and turns around and comes home.

AUDITOR: Pick it up at the beginning and go through it again.

JIMMY: My mother was out walking

AUDITOR: What do you hear?

JIMMY: Cars going by.

AUDITOR: What does your mother say?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: What do you see?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: How old are you?

JIMMY: Eight.

AUDITOR: Yes or no, is it eight days?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: Continue.

JIMMY: Mother walks a couple of blocks, turns around and comes home.

AUDITOR: How do you feel? Is there any discomfort?

JIMMY: Yes, all over my body.

AUDITOR: Where are you?

JIMMY: In my mother's stomach.

AUDITOR: Start at the beginning.

JIMMY: My mother was out walking.

AUDITOR: What happens first? Let's go back ten minutes before this. What is happening?

JIMMY: I'm asleep. My mother walks down the steps and up the block.

AUDITOR: Just where do you wake up?

JIMMY: Just as she steps down the bottom step.

AUDITOR: Just as she steps down the bottom step?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: Then?

JIMMY: She walks up the street.

113


AUDITOR: What do you hear?

JIMMY: Cars going by.

AUDITOR: Anything else?

JIMMY: My mother's footsteps.

AUDITOR: How do you feel?

JIMMY: Not too bad.

AUDITOR: Return to the first time you thought you didn't see so well. (Pause) What are you doing?

JIMMY: I was in school.

AUDITOR: What do you see?

JIMMY: My teacher, Mr. Bidwell.

AUDITOR: What is he saying?

JIMMY: "Turn to problems in your Arithmetic Book - page 46."

AUDITOR: What happens?

JIMMY: I do the problems.

AUDITOR: Do you see the first problem?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: Read it to me.

JIMMY: I can't.

AUDITOR: Maybe you can if you try. Read it to me. (Jimmy reads the problem from visio recall).

AUDITOR: Do you have trouble with problems?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: Are you good at arithmetic?

JIMMY: Yes. That is, pretty good.

AUDITOR: How about your eyes?

JIMMY: When I finish the problems, I look up and don't see very good.

AUDITOR: Yes or no - is this the first time?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: Let's return to the very first time this happens. (Pause) What are you doing?

JIMMY: I am reading my science lesson at school. I look up and I don't see so very good.

AUDITOR: How old are you at this time?

JIMMY: Nine.

AUDITOR: Go through this incident again.

(The auditor has Jimmy read the science lesson from visio recall, but the content of the lesson seems to have nothing to do with his eyes.)

AUDITOR: What happened three days before this science lesson?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: Let's return to three days before this time. (Pause) What are you doing?

JIMMY: Reading my science lesson.

AUDITOR: Same one?

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JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: How are your eyes?

JIMMY: Okay.

AUDITOR: Anything happen that evening? Any quarrels?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: All right, let's return to that other time, when you look up from the lesson and can't see so well. What do you do afterward, when you get home?

JIMMY: Tell my mother.

AUDITOR: What does she say?

JIMMY: Maybe I'm reading too much. I ought to go to a doctor for a check-up.

AUDITOR: How do you feel?

JIMMY: Fine.

AUDITOR: Lets go now to the incident needed to resolve the case. When I speak the letters from A to E and snap my fingers, you will be at the beginning of the incident. A-B-C-D-E-(snap). What do you hear?

JIMMY: I am reading my science lesson at school.

AUDITOR: How old are you?

JIMMY: Nine.

AUDITOR: Let's return to the incident needed to resolve this case. When I recite the first five letters of the alphabet you will hear the first words of the incident. A-B-C-D-E-(snap). What happens?

JIMMY: I am in school, going over my science lesson. (Jimmy goes through this again and the auditor tries again with another approach, reasoning that perhaps Jimmy does not understand what he means. The auditor wants to find out just how much Jimmy does understand.)

AUDITOR: Let's return now to the first moment of conception. Return to the first moment of conception.

JIMMY: (Pauses.)

AUDITOR: Return to the first moment of conception. (Jimmy starts through science lesson again. The problem here is what will Jimmy understand when the Auditor is trying to enter an engram.)

AUDITOR: Let's return to the first moment of discomfort, the very first moment of discomfort. Return to the first, very earliest moment of discomfort. (Pause.) What happens?

JIMMY: My mother was spanking me.

AUDITOR: How old are you?

JIMMY: About a year and half.

AUDITOR: Yes or no - is this the first time you were spanked?

AUDITOR: What does your mother say?

JIMMY: Nothing.

AUDITOR: Does anyone else say anything?

JIMMY: No.

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AUDITOR: Does a neighbour speak to your mother?

JIMMY: No.

AUDITOR: Yes or no - are there any words in this incident?

JIMMY: No.

(The auditor risks invalidating data here by continuing to ask for words and phrases. He realizes, of course, or should if he knows his Dianetics, that there are engrams without verbal content.)

AUDITOR: What happens next?

JIMMY: Mother turns around and walks home.

AUDITOR: What happens when she gets home?

JIMMY: She walks up the steps into the house.

AUDITOR: How many steps?

JIMMY: (Pauses and counts steps) One, two, three, four. Four.

AUDITOR: What do you see?

JIMMY: Nothing. (A confirmation: there is no visio in the prenatal period, though there are other perceptics.)

AUDITOR: Can you hear the door slam?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: What does your moth r do then?

JIMMY: She sits down.

AUDITOR: What do you do

JIMMY: I go to s1eep.

(On the fourth run through the complete incident the discomfort somatic reduces. At the twelfth run the sonic content remains, although perhaps not as intense as before. Jimmy seems relaxed, refreshed and pleased. A pleasure incident is run and then Jimmy is asked to come to present time.)

AUDITOR: What's your age now?

JIMMY: I'm l0 years old.

AUDITOR: You may open your eyes.

JIMMY: (Opens his eyes): They're not the same as before.

AUDITOR: What's not the same?

JIMMY: My eyes. I can see. The other times I had trouble when I opened them.

AUDITOR: good: How do you feel otherwise?

JIMMY: Good.

AUDITOR: How'd you like it?

JIMMY: Fine. I didn't understand those long words in the middle.

AUDITOR: Oh? Well, sometimes I use words in my language that mean things you don't know in your language. If I ever use a word you don't know, ask me and I'll explain it in your language. You probably already know what is means. What were the words? Do you mean "conception"?

JIMMY: Yes.

AUDITOR: Conception is the meeting of the father's cells with the mother's cells before they become a baby. You know it in those words, don't you?

JIMMY: "Yes"

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Last updated 21 February 1997

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