TRANSCRIPT OF CBS'
Here's a transcript of segment three of CBS' news program "60 Minutes" which aired a piece on Scientology's takeover of the Cult Awareness Network. The segment was aired on Sun Dec 28 1997 starting at around 7:40pm EST. Thanks to James A. Cherry (http://www.doe.carleton.ca/~jac/) for the transcript!
LESLEY STAHL: There was a time, if you were worried about your son or daughter being in a cult, you could get help from a small, nonprofit organization called the Cult Awareness Network, or CAN, for twenty years the nation's best-known resource for information and advice about groups it considered dangerous. Among them was Scientology, a church not known for turning the other cheek.
But Church officials say Scientology is just another tax-exempt religion that helps millions of people worldwide, including actors John Travolta and Tom Cruise. And while Scientology did attack its enemies in the past, Church officials say they don't do that any more. But recently, the Cult Awareness Network was forced into bankruptcy, and its leaders blame the Church of Scientology.
Today, CAN is under new management.
ASHLEY: [answering a ringing phone] Hello, Cult Awareness Network.
STAHL: Now when you call looking for information about a cult, chances are the person you're talking to is a Scientologist. Ashley's one; so is Bob. Everyone we met in the office was a Scientologist. Last year, a member of the Church bought CAN's name, logo, and hotline number in bankruptcy court for $20,000.
STACY YOUNG: This is a dream come true for Scientology...
STAHL: Stacy Young would know. She was a member of the Church for 15 years, including its elite Sea Organization. She also worked in the Office of Special Affairs and was managing editor of its Freedom magazine. She left in 1989, and has been a paid consultant in lawsuits against Scientology.
YOUNG: The Cult Awareness Network was the only organization in the country where parents could call and say, you know, "I've lost my child into this cult. What do I do?"
STAHL: She says Scientology sets out to destroy anyone who criticizes it.
YOUNG: Someone who speaks publically against Scientology is targeted for a campaign of harassment, character assassination, financial ruin...there's a policy that says specifically, "If possible, ruin them utterly."
STAHL: She's talking about a Church directive -- this one, the "Fair Game" law -- that says a person or group that publically criticizes the Church is "Fair Game", and can be destroyed. Stacy young and others do not believe the Church when it says it no longer harasses its enemies. Now the Church says, Scientology, originally known as Dianetics, is a benevolent religion, with antidrug programs and literacy projects that helps [sic] its followers increase their confidence. A central doctrine goes like this: 75 million years ago, a tyrant named Xenu transported people from outer space to Earth, dropped them in volcanos, then exploded hydrogen bombs on them. That experience is the root of all human misery today.
Scientology offers to help people overcome that misery, charging as much as $50,000 in a year. It's one of the reasons why Time magazine calls Scientology "The cult of greed". One of Time's principal sources was Cynthia Kisser, who was CAN's executive director.
You said, "Scientology is quite likely the most ruthless, the most classically terroristic, the most litigious, and the most lucrative cult the country has ever seen." Whoa! That was very powerful. Do you stand by that?
CYNTHIA KISSER: Oh, more than ever. More than ever. I mean, everything they've done since then just proves that quote.
STAHL: Cynthia Kisser says a Fair Game attack on CAN started in the 1980s, and Stacy Young says she was part of it.
YOUNG: Some of the staff who were assigned to the Cult Awareness Network would brief us about some of the --
STAHL: You mean there were people specifically assigned?
YOUNG: Oh yes, that was their whole job. That was all they did.
STAHL: Was CAN?
YOUNG: Was CAN, that's right. And so, our whole orientation was, well, what have you done this week to get rid of CAN? And how well have you done to discredit the leaders of CAN? How much progress have you made on disrupting this group?
STAHL: To do it, she says the Church used picketers at CAN's conventions and waged smear campaigns. Attorney Kendrick Moxon does most of the Church's legal work, and he's a devout Scientologist.
We are told, Mr. Moxon --
KENDRICK MOXON: Yes.
STAHL: -- that a small army of private investigators was hired by your law firm to go out and dig up dirt on members of CAN, Cynthia Kisser specifically, and anything else they could find. Is that true?
MOXON: I -- no, it's not true.
STAHL: Now, a lot of lawyers hire private eyes to dig up dirt on people --
MOXON: No --
STAHL: -- I mean, now, we were even hearing --
MOXON: -- I don't know. I know...I've heard that people do that, and I know that the media does that, but I don't know that a lot of lawyers do that. I don't do that.
STAHL: He acknowledges using private detectives, but not for the purpose of digging up dirt. But former private eye Michael Shomers says Moxon's law firm hired him to do just that.
MICHAEL SHOMERS: Find the sleaze, to find the hidden alcoholism, to find the hidden drug abuse, if that was the case.
STAHL: The sex life.
SHOMERS: The sex lives.
STAHL: Bad debts.
STAHL: He says he got his marching orders during a meeting right in the Scientology church in Washington, D.C. He says a staffer briefed him on CAN, and jotted down notes that Shomers kept. He says he was told to investigate CAN and its purported allies: IRS officials, and congressman Henry Waxman of California. And he was told to dig up enough dirt on Cynthia Kisser to destroy her reputation and intimidate her into silence.
It says, "Topless dancer at the Blue Note in Tucson Arizona, Cynthia Kisser."
SHOMERS: That's correct.
STAHL: So did you investigate that?
SHOMERS: Yes I did.
STAHL: Was she a topless dancer?
STAHL: Did you tell the Church of Scientology --
SHOMERS: Yes I did.
STAHL: -- that these allegations were not true?
SHOMERS: That's correct.
MOXON: I don't know if she's a topless dancer or not.
STAHL: Did you tell our producer that you didn't believe that was true?
MOXON: I told your producer that I thought, looking at Cynthia Kisser, it seemed improbable that she could have been a topless dancer because of the way she looks.
STAHL: Yet despite his own view and the evidence from Investigator Shomers, Moxon, also a minister in the Church, persisted in bringing it up.
MOXON: I mean, we've got a declaration already indicating that she had been a topless dancer.
STAHL: I can't believe you're continuing to talk about her being a topless dancer!
MOXON: Why? That was one of the allegations --
STAHL: But you even said you don't even think she was one. It's character assassination.
MOXON: I don't -- that -- Lesley, there is a declaration from a woman swearing that she was a topless dancer.
STAHL: Were you a topless dancer?
KISSER: No, and later the person that they claimed told them that retracted it...issued a retraction saying that it wasn't true.
STAHL: Kisser says Scientology also used its publications to label CAN a criminal outfit and then contacted police and members of Congress with specific charges. The president of the Church of Scientology, Reverend Heber Jentzsch, repeated the accusations to us.
HEBER JENTZSCH: Kidnapping people, holding them against their will, beating up on people, pistol-whipping, safehouses where they held people against their will, rape of their victims, that sort of thing.
STAHL: Jentzsch accuses CAN of kidnapping people out of cults, and then trying to deprogram them. Defenders of the practice call these "rescues" which are perfectly legal when they involve youngsters under 18. But Scientology says CAN was involved in illegal deprogramming of adults, and they sent us reams of documents they say are examples, including the sworn declaration of a former deprogrammer named Mark Blocksom.
MOXON: I've got it right here.
STAHL: Mm hmm.
MOXON: Mark Blocksom said he was involved in a number of kidnappings. He says he was involved in one with Cynthia Kisser, where he actually worked for CAN. He got many referrals from CAN...he said most of his referrals were from CAN.
STAHL: So we tracked down Mark Blocksom and asked him about it.
How would you describe that sworn declaration of yours?
MARK BLOCKSOM: It's embellished, to say the least. It's not...it's not true.
STAHL: You lied.
BLOCKSOM: Yes I did.
STAHL: Why did you lie?
BLOCKSOM: I saw it as a means to...maybe support my habit.
STAHL: He says he was a drug addict when he signed that declaration five years ago after he was approached by one of Moxon's private detectives. Blocksom maintains there was an implied promise of money, which never materialized, if he could implicate CAN and Kisser in illegal deprogramming. Clean and sober now, Blocksom wants to set the record straight.
BLOCKSOM: Well, I spoke with Kendrick Moxon not long ago.
STAHL: Did you tell him you had lied?
BLOCKSOM: Yes. And it irritates me that they persist in using this statement as a propaganda tool to support their position about Cult Awareness Network.
STAHL: But the Church accuses CAN of coercing Blocksom's change of testimony. For its part, CAN says that while it did permit deprogrammers to attend its conventions, it was never involved in illegal deprogramming, and in fact, CAN was never charged with a crime. Even Michael Shomers, the Church's own investigator, couldn't find any evidence of one.
Did you ever find that they were deprogramming people, or involved in that?
SHOMERS: Never heard of that...anybody, at any meeting, at any time.
STAHL: Ever mention deprogramming?
STAHL: So when you sent your reports in to the Church of Scientology, were they disappointed with you?
SHOMERS: Yes they were. They...just keep on going, there had to be something. They knew that there just had to be something. But there simply wasn't anything.
STAHL: Cynthia Kisser says the Church's final assault on CAN began when hundreds of Scientologists from around the country wrote virtually identical letters asking to become members of CAN. Included among them was this model letter with instructions: "To be put in your own words." Fearing, she says, the Church was out to take control of CAN, Kisser denied their applications to join. CAN was then hit with a barrage of lawsuits by individual Scientologists claiming religious descrimination.
KISSER: I got hit with twelve suits in one week! I would open the door, a process server would give me a suit. They were suing us all over the country, sometimes simultaneously.
STAHL: In all, CAN was hit with more than fifty lawsuits. Even though most of the suits were eventually dropped or won by CAN, she says the cost of defending them, nearly two million dollars, drove CAN to the brink of bankruptcy.
Would you concede, Reverend Jentzsch, that part of the motivation for the lawsuits was to get CAN? Was to silence them?
JENTZSCH: I would say that the individuals who were involved definitely wanted to do something about CAN. What are you going to do when they're trying to destroy you? Look, if you're a Jew --
STAHL: But you're saying nothing --
JENTZSCH: -- if you're, if you're, if you're a Jew, no Jew is going to cry about the fact that the Nazi party is gone. If you're an African American, no one is going to cry that the KKK is gone. I'm not crying because CAN is gone, OK? They were a vicious group --
STAHL: That's not my question --
JENTZSCH: -- they tried to destroy us.
STAHL: My question is, would you concede that at least part of what happened with those lawsuits was a deliberate attempt to harass and intimidate them into silence?
JENTZSCH: No, absolutely not --
STAHL: Well, you're not going to make us believe that there were these thirty or fifty lawsuits that all sprang up, you know, just... serendipitously.
MOXON: They didn't --
STAHL: They must have --
MOXON: They didn't spring up serendipitously. A number of Scientologists came to our firm and said, "I'm being discriminated against by CAN." We have these complaints --
STAHL: Well, wait --
MOXON: -- in the computer.
STAHL: -- who was telling them to try to join?
MOXON: I -- nob -- oh, who was telling them to try to join CAN in the first place?
MOXON: The -- I don't know. It was a kind of a grassroots movement of Scientologists that wanted to go to CAN and dialog with them.
YOUNG: Fifty people all across the country suddenly all decided in unison, "We need to sue CAN." I don't think so. This is not the way it works.
STAHL: Stacy Young says she sat in on staff meetings where the litigation campaign against CAN was discussed.
YOUNG: Once they put CAN in their sights with regard to litigation, it was only a matter of time before they were going to find a case they could use to put them out of business.
STAHL: That case came in the person of Jason Scott, an 18-year-old member not of Scientology, but of a fringe Pentacostal church in Bellevue, Washington. One of CAN's volunteers referred Jason's mother to a deprogrammer who kidnapped Jason. CAN was never charged in the case, and the deprogrammer who was was acquitted. Jason says a lawyer in Moxon's firm then recommended that he file a civil suit.
JASON SCOTT: He's like, "This thing is worth millions. Let's get 'em."
STAHL: Did they specifically say that you should sue CAN?
SCOTT: Mm hmm. Oh yes, that was the kicker, is CAN. "We gotta get CAN involved."
STAHL: So Jason sued. Kendrick Moxon was his lawyer, and despite CAN's insistence that CAN had nothing to do with illegal deprogramming, the jury disagreed. So did the judge. And the $1.8 million CAN was ordered to pay Jason forced in into bankruptcy.
ASHLEY: [answering a ringing phone] Hello, Cult Awareness Network?
STAHL: And that's why, when you visit CAN's new headquarters in Hollywood, you can find out about all the good things the Church is doing.
Since Stacy Young began speaking out, she believes the Church has waged a Fair Game attack against her, including what she calls attempts to sabotage her business, a small nonprofit animal sanctuary in Seattle. The Church denies it. We, on the other hand, deny the Church's accusation that we have a conflict of interest in this story, because producer Richard Bonin has an aunt who's a lawyer involved in litigation against the Church. Though that's true, our producer's aunt Leta had nothing to do with our story.