What is the
Is Narconon safe?
"Description of the Scientology Religion" (Church of
Scientology International, 1993)
French Parliamentary Report on Cults of
1995 - on a death allegedly related to Narconon's "Purification
Letter of advice from East Sussex County
Council, England, concerning Narconon (8 February 1994)
Modern Management Technology Defined (Bridge Publications Inc.,
Narconon closures (Brett Achorn <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
The Narconon FAQ (Gisle Hannemyr <email@example.com>,
Narconon manuals (all published by Narconon and copyrighted by L. Ron
Narconon Student Recovery Manual (1976); Narconon Student
Manual (1977); Narconon Basic Picture Manual (1976); Narconon Study
Manual (1976); Narconon Objective Exercises Manual (1976); Narconon
Technical Manual (1975); Basic Manual for Narconon Supervisors, vol. 6
"Rechallenge with crystalline niacin
after drug-induced hepatitis from sustained-release niacin" [about
the medical effects of Narconon-style "megadoses" of niacin]
(Yaakov Henkin, Karen C. Johnson, Jere P. Segrest - JAMA, The Journal of the
American Medical Association, July 11, 1990)
What Is Scientology? (Bridge Publications Inc., 1978 and 1992)
also see Narconon's official Web site, http://www.narconon.org
and the official Church of Scientology Web site, http://www.scientology.org
"Yes I went to Narconon and it
SUCKED!" - a personal account of a stay at Narconon Chilocco, Oklahoma
evaluations of Narconon
Letters and correspondence regarding
James J. Kenney, Ph.D., R.D., National Council Against
Health Fraud, Santa Monica, CA - letter to Dr. John Chelf,
copied to R.W. Lobsinger, 5 January 1991
C. Mark Palmer, M.D., Ponca City, Oklahoma - letter to R.W. Lobsinger, 14 August 1989
Everett R. Rhoades, M.D., Assistant Surgeon General - letter to Garry Bilger, Mayor of Newkirk, Oklahoma, 22
Bruce A. Roe, Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry,
University of Oklahoma - letter to R.W. Lobsinger, 4 August
William B. Svoboda, pediatric neurologist, Wichita,
Kansas - letter to R.W. Lobsinger, 30 April 1990
Expert advice on Narconon
given to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare
26 November 1996
A highly critical report into Narconon's scientific veracity
which concludes that "there is no documentation to show that the Hubbard method of
detoxification from drug abuse conforms to scientific standards and medical
experience" and recommends that it "should not be used in Swedish medical
Findings of Fact
regarding the Narconon-Chilocco Application For Certification by the Board of Mental
Health, State of Oklahoma
13 December 1991
A damning report into Narconon's therapeutic practices which
finds them to be "unsafe" and "ineffective".
Order #254 of the Ministry of Public
Health and Medical Industry, Russian Federation
19 June 1996
An order from the Russian Government banning Scientology/Narconon's
Outline for recovery, House Evaluation
By Forrest S. Tennant, Jr., M.D., Dr.P.H., Jane Thomas, R.N., Mike Reilly, and Joseph
Shannon, M.D., M.P.H. Submitted to Don Z. Miller, Deputy Director, Health Treatment
System, State Department of Health, Sacramento, CA, on 31 Oct 1974.
A detailed analysis of the way in which Narconon operated at the time.
Although some things have since changed, it still provides a useful insight into
Narconon's policies and operating practices.
Promotional leaflet issued by Narconon Chilocco, Oklahoma (1992)
Pro-Narconon medical literature:
D.W. Schnare, G. Denk, M. Shields, S. Brunton:
Evaluation of a Detoxification Regimen for Fat Stored
Xenobiotics, Medical Hypothesis, Vol.9, 1982.
Summary: One hundred and three individuals undergoing
detoxification with the Hubbard procedure volunteered to undergo additional physical and
psychological tests concomitant with the program. Participants had been exposed to
recreational (abused) and medical drugs, patent medicines, occupational and environmental
chemicals. Patients with high blood pressure had a mean reduction of 30.8 mm systolic,
23.3 mm diastolic; cholesterol level mean reduction was 19.5 mg/ 100 ml, while
triglycerides did not change. Completion of the detoxification program also resulted in
improvements in psychological test scores, with a mean increase in Wechsler Adult
Intelligence Scale IQ of 6.7 points. Scores on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
profiles decreased on Scales (4-7) where high scores are associated with amoral and
asocial personalities, psychopathic behavior and paranoia. Medical complications resulting
from detoxification were rare, occurring in less than three percent of the subjects.
D.W. Schnare, M. Ben, M. Shields:
Body Burden Reductions of PCBs, PBBs and Chlorinated Pesticide
Residues in Human Subjects, Ambio, Vol.13, No.5-6, 1984.
Summary: Prior to detoxification, adipose tissue
concentrations were determined for seven individuals accidentally exposed to PBBs. The
chemicals targeted for analysis included the major congeners of PBBs, PCBs and the
residues of common chlorinated insecticides. Of the 16 organohalides examined, 13 were
present in lower concentrations following detoxification. Seven of the 3 reductions were
statistically significant; reductions ranged from 3.5 to 47.2 percent, with a mean
reduction among the 16 chemicals of 21.3 percent (s.d. 17.1 percent). To determine whether
reductions reflected movement to other body compartments or actual burden reduction, a
post-treatment follow-up sample was taken four months later. Follow-up analysis showed a
reduction in all 16 chemicals averaging 42.4 percent (s.d. 17.1 percent) and ranging from
10.1 to 65.9 percent. Ten of the 16 reductions were statistically significant.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients Presenting Subclinical Signs
and Symptoms of Exposure to Chemicals Which Accumulate in Human Tissue, Proceedings
of the National Conference on Hazardous Wastes and Environmental Emergencies,
Cincinnati, Ohio, 1985.
Summary: A discussion of some of the problems in
attempting to diagnose and treat low-level body burdens of toxic chemicals. A review of
120 patients who were prescribed detoxification treatment as developed by Hubbard to
eliminate fat-stored compounds showed improvement in 14 of 15 symptoms associated with
several types of chemical exposures.
D.W. Schnare, P.C. Robinson:
Reduction of the Human Body Burdens of Hexachlorobenzene and
Polychlorinated Biphenyls, World Health Organization, International Agency
for Research on Cancer, Scientific Publications Series, Volume 77, 1986.
Summary: Electrical workers paired by age, sex and
potential for polychlorinated biphenyl exposure were divided into treatment and control
groups. Adipose-tissue concentrations of hexachlorobenzene (HCB), four other pesticides
and 10 polychlorinated biphenyl congeners were determined pre- and post-treatment, and
three months post-treatment. At post-treatment, all 16 chemicals were found at lower
concentrations in the adipose tissues of the treatment group, while 11 were found in
higher concentrations in the control group. Adjusted for re-exposure as represented in the
control group, HCB concentrations were reduced by 30 percent at post-treatment and 28
percent three months post-treatment. Mean reduction of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners
was 61 percent at post-treatment and 14 percent three months post-treatment. These
reductions are statistically significant (f< 0.001). Enhanced excretion appeared to
keep pace with mobilization, as blood-serum levels in the treatment group did not increase
Excretion of a Lipophilic Toxicant Through the Sebaceous Glands:
A Case Report, Journal of Toxicology Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology,
Vol. 6, No. 1, 1987.
Summary: A 23-year-old woman worked at a manufacturing
facility, hosing the soot and ash accumulated in the exhaust stack and on the filter pads
of an oil-fired generator. She performed this task without protective gear. After six
months, she reported feeling ill to the plant nurse. One month later, she was removed from
the job, and she remained unable to work for 11½ months because of symptoms relating to
toxic chemical exposure. The toxicants were amenable to removal through the sebaceous
glands and possibly the gastrointestinal tract by the Hubbard detoxification technique.
This was accompanied by remission of her subjective complaints and she was authorized to
return to work.
Improvement in Perception of Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation
Following Detoxification in Firefighters Exposed to PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs, Clinical
Ecology, Vol. VI, No.2, 1989.
Summary: Seventeen firefighters with a history of acute
exposure to polychlorinated biphyenyls, dibenzofurans, and dibenzodioxins were evaluated
for peripheral neuropathy. Neuropathic evaluation was done using the Neurometer®, a
transcutaneous nerve stimulation device. Prior to detoxification, five of the 17 had
abnormal current perception threshold measurements. Following treatment, all showed
improvement. Most strikingly, the current perception thresholds of two patients returned
to normal range after detoxification. This finding raises the possibility that damage
heretofore thought to be permanent may in many instances be partially reversible.
Occupational, Environmental and Public Health in Semic: A Case
Study of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Pollution, Proceedings of the Annual
Meeting of the American Society of Civil Engineers, New Orleans, Louisiana, October,
Summary: Eleven workers with readily observable symptoms
of exposure to PCBs and other chemicals were chosen for detoxification from a group of 24
male volunteers from a factory using PCBs in the manufacture of capacitors. The remaining
13 served as a control group. Detoxification treatment reduced both the body burdens and
the symptoms of treated workers while no such improvements occurred in the control group.
This study, undertaken in cooperation with the University Medical Center of Ljubljana and
the Institut für Toxikologie, University and Technical Faculty of Zurich, supports the
use of health screening and detoxification for individuals affected by toxic exposures.
R.M.Wisner, M. Shields, D.L. Curtis, S.L.Beckman:
Human Contamination and Detoxification: Medical Response to an
Expanding Global Problem, Proceedings of the MAB UNESCO Task Force on Human
Response to Environmental Stress, Moscow, 1989
Summary: Individuals with a variety of workplace exposures
were unable to work or had reduced work capacity. Following detoxification, each was able
to return to work. Though the results presented are anecdotal, they confirm previous
findings in the peer-reviewed literature (Schnare et al., 1982; Roehm, 1983; Schnare et
al., 1984; Schnare and Robinson, 1985; Tretjak et al., 1989) and demonstrate that this
approach can be effective in reducing body burdens of toxic compounds and returning
individuals to the workplace.
K.H. Kilburn, R.H. Warsaw, M. Shields:
Neurobehavioral Dysfunction in Firemen Exposed to
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Possible Improvement after Detoxification, Archives
of Environmental Health, Vol.44, No. 6, 1989.
Summary: Fourteen firemen were exposed to polychlorinated
biphenyls (PCBs) and their by-products at the site of a transformer fire and explosion.
Six months after the fire, they underwent neurophysiological and neuropsychological tests.
They were re-studied six weeks after detoxification. A control group of firefighters was
selected from firemen who resided in the same city but were not engaged in the fire in
question. Initial testing showed that firemen exposed to PCBs had poorer neurobehavioral
function than the control group. Significant reversibility of impairment was noted after
Z. Tretjak, M. Shields, S.L. Beckman:
PCB Reduction and Clinical Improvement by Detoxification: An
Unexploited Approach?, Human and Experimental Toxicology,
Summary: A female worker from a capacitor factory, with a
history of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other lipophilic industrial
chemicals, was admitted for treatment at the University Medical Centre of Ljubljana,
Slovenia (then Yugoslavia). She presented with severe abdominal complaints, chloracne,
liver abnormalities and a bluish-green nipple discharge of approximately 50 ml d' in
quantity. High PCB levels were noted in adipose tissue (102 mg kg'), serum (512 ug/1'),
skin lipids (66.3 mg kg'), and in the nipple discharge (712 ug 1'). After detoxification,
PCB levels in adipose tissue were reduced to 37.4 mg kg' and in serum to 261 ug',
respective reductions of 63 percent and 49 percent. Excretion of intact PCBs in serum,
appreciable before treatment, was enhanced by up to five-fold during detoxification. The
nipple discharge ceased early in the detoxification regimen.
Xenobiotic Reduction and Clinical Improvements in Capacitor
Workers: A Feasible Method, Journal of Environmental Science and Health,
Vol. A25, No.7,1990.
Summary: Eleven capacitor workers, occupationally exposed
to PCBs and other industrial chemicals, underwent detoxification. Thirteen co-workers
served as controls. Mean PCB levels prior to detoxification were 28.0 mg/kg in adipose and
188.0 µg/L in serum. Following detoxification, PCBs were reduced in serum by 42 percent
(p<0.05) and in adipose by 30 percent for patients without concurrent disease. Patients
with concurrent disease had a 10 percent reduction in adipose levels, while serum levels
remained unchanged. Both adipose and serum PCB levels increased in members of the control
group. At a four-month follow up examination, these differences were maintained, though
the mean adipose PCB values in all groups were higher than at post-treatment. All patients
reported marked improvement in clinical symptoms post-treatment, with most of these
improvements retained at follow-up. No such improvements were noted in controls.
S.L. Beckman, M. Shields, R.M. Wisner:
Treatment of Pesticide-Exposed Patients with the Hubbard Method
of Detoxification, Presentation at the 120th Annual Meeting of the American
Public Health Association, 1992.
Summary: A review of the efficacy of detoxification in
addressing the complaints of 155 patients who had experienced significant exposures to
pesticides. Treatment effected reductions in chemical levels in adipose tissue, and a
concomitant decrease in symptomatic complaints.
R.M. Wisner, D. Root, M.Shields, S.L. Beckman:
Neurotoxicity and Toxic Body Burdens: Relationship and Treatment
Potentials, Proceedings of the International Conference on Peripheral Nerve
Summary: Many chemicals have neurotoxic health effects of
long duration, leading to the conclusion that these effects are essentially irreversible.
This paper proposes that the accumulation and persistence of neurotoxic chemicals in
adipose tissue may play a role in the prolongation of neurotoxic effects. If this were the
case, an approach designed to reduce body burdens of fat-soluble compounds should lead to
a similar reduction in neurotoxic effects. Transcutaneous current perception thresholds
were measured using the Neurometer® device in 48 patients exhibiting neurotoxic effects
both before and after detoxification. Following detoxification, marked improvements were
noted in both peripheral neuropathy and self-reported patient profiles.
Reduction of Drug Residues: Applications in Drug Rehabilitation,
Presentation at the 123rd Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association,
Summary: Drug residues and their lipophilic metabolites
are associated with persistent symptoms; their mobilization into blood correlates with
drug cravings. The concentration of drug metabolites in both sweat and urine was measured
in eight individuals who had been actively using drugs prior to detoxification. Cocaine,
opiate, and benzodiazepan metabolites were detected by fluorescent immunoassay in both
sweat and urine. Low levels (not indicative of use) continued to be eliminated for several
weeks. In two cases, drug levels were below detection prior to treatment but became
detectable during detoxification. A separate series of 249 clients with a history of drug
abuse rated the severity of their symptoms before and after detoxification. Chief
symptomatic complaints prior to detoxification included fatigue, irritability, depression,
intolerance of stress, reduced attention span and decreased mental acuity. (These same
symptoms were dominant in those who had ceased active drug abuse over a year prior to
treatment.) Following detoxification, both past and current users reported marked
improvements in symptoms, with most returning to normal range.
R.M. Wisner, M. Shields:
Treatment of Children with the Detoxification Method Developed
by Hubbard, Presentation at the 123rd Annual Meeting of the American Public
Health Association, 1995
Summary: Eighteen children from ten families were referred
for detoxification. Their chief complaints included environmental sensitivity, headaches,
chronic fatigue, allergies, respiratory problems and recurrent infections. In each case,
the entire family had become ill following a known change (e.g., application of
pesticides, installation of improperly cured carpet) in their environment. The ages of the
children ranged from neonatal to 15 at the time of exposure, with treatment ages ranging
from 4 to 21. Treatment resulted in improvements in symptom profiles, with at least 89
percent of the children reporting long-term improvements in their symptoms.
Precipitation of Cocaine Metabolites in Sweat and Urine of
Addicts Undergoing Sauna Bath Treatment Fifty-Seventh Annual Scientific Meeting, National
Institute on Drug Abuse, College on Problems of Drug Dependency, 1995
Summary: Four subjects (three males and one female)
admitted to a residential treatment program were selected for study. All met DSM-III-R
Criteria for cocaine dependence and ingested cocaine by smoking. The urationi of their use
of the drug ranged fromeight months to 18 years, and they reported cocaine use on over 75
percent of days in the month just prior to treatment. Three reported last use of cocaine
within 48 hours of admission; one reported last use 25 days prior to program entry. Urine
and sweat samples were collected from subjects every two to three days during
detoxification and analyzed by fluorescent immunoassay. Cocaine metabolites were
detectable in both sweat and urine of all subjects. Three of the four subjects showed a
measurable increase in sweat or urine cocaine metabolite concentrations at the beginning
of detoxification. Two subjects demonstrated negative urine samples prior to
detoxification, but demonstrated the presence of metabolites when detoxification
Reduction of the Radioisotope Cs-137 Using the Detoxification
Method Developed by Hubbard, Presentation at the 124th Annual Meeting of the
American Public Health Associations, 1996.
Summary: Fourteen children living in the plume path of the
destroyed Chernobyl reactor underwent detoxification. Each was periodically measured using
a portable radiation detection system capable of measuring the characteristic gamma ray
emitted during the radioactive decay of Cs-137. (Five such measures were made over the
course of approximately four weeks.) Elimination rates were compared to expected rates of
elimination from published studies. Children uniformly eliminated Cs-137 more rapidly than
expected, with the exception of two cases in which children were eating contaminated
treats from home. (Rapid elimination of Cs-137 resumed when these items were eliminated
from their diets.)
Purification Campaign - The Vital Role of PR"
15 February 1982 - high res: 166K)
An internal briefing document from Scientology's notorious and
now-disbanded Guardian's Office outlining the Church's objective of using the Purification
Rundown to "bridge masses of people into Scientology."
Closing Agreement On Final
Determination Covering Specific Matters
US Internal Revenue Service, 1 October 1993
This controversial and (until 1997) secret document shows the Church of Scientology
International accepting responsibility for the unpaid taxes of Narconon International (NN
Int) - see especially section VIII.C.4, in which NN Int is described as a
Declaration of Lt Col Mark
Jones, USMC (Rtd)
10 February 1995
An extraordinary description, by Narconon's first Director, of
how the Church of Scientology allegedly exercised near-complete control of the supposedly
independent group during his ten years in office.
"Commendation - Mark
Church of Scientology of California, United States Guardian's Office, 18 August
(high res: 38K)
Commendation issued by Scientology praising Lt Col Mark Jones,
director of Narconon, for "greatly assisting in bringing about widespread acceptances
of Scientology and overwhelming public popularity of the technology of L. Ron
Hubbard"; a clear indication of Narconon's role in the "Purification
Campaign" described in the 18 February briefing document listed above.
LRH ED 8 Int
Church of Scientology of California, 2 June 1972
(high res: 22.5K)
An L. Ron Hubbard Executive Directive International - though
originating from the office of L. Ron Hubbard, not from the man himself (it is unsigned) -
awarding Lt Col Mark Jones a Scientology training level "for the excellent work he
has done on the Narconon Programs" - another indication of links between Narconon and
Coordination] general headings for data needing coding"
Undated document seized by the FBI in 1977 ordering the use of
codes for "anything that gives specific and actual evidence that Scientology is in
legal control of B6 type groups," including Narconon.
Flag FSM Newsletter, vol. XIX, no. XVII
Extract from a Scientology newsletter showing a Narconon group as an
"International Top Ten [Scientology] FSM [Field Staff Member]".
Executive Directive from Narconon International, 23 May 1995
Scans (39.3K) of the quotations used in the page "Is Narconon controlled by Scientology?". For
copyright reasons, this 11-page document is not reproduced in its entirety.
Media reports on