1. This was subsequently adopted by the Guardian Office as a textbook and features prominently on the Guardian Office's Confidential Intelligence Course. Given Hubbard's recommendation, it is distinctly probable that The Spy and His Masters is still in use today by the Office of Special Affairs.

  2. General Reinhard Gehlen (1902-1979) was the wartime head of Germany's Fremde Heere Ost (FHO), the Wehrmacht's Eastern Front Intelligence Service. As Hubbard says, Gehlen passed his files on the USSR over to the Americans and continued working for US Intelligence after the war. (The story is well documented in Mary Ellen Reese, General Reinhard Gehlen: The CIA Connection, 1990). Hubbard is, however, wrong in his claim that the Gehlen Organization was the beginning of the CIA. In fact, the CIA had been created separately from the wartime Office of Strategic Services and evolved independently of the Gehlen Organization. The latter was funded and somewhat loosely controlled by the CIA, but in 1956 became West Germany's Bundesnachrichtendienst (Federal Secret Service).

  3. An extraordinary example of Hubbard's tendency to rewrite history. His first daughter, Alexis Valerie, was indeed kidnapped and taken to Cuba in 1950 - by himself, in an attempt to put pressure on his estranged wife. See the original documentation on the Documents of a Lifetime pages.

  4. The World Federation of Mental Health is a non-governmental organisation based in xxxxxxxxx and receives no funding from the British Government; moreover, responsibility for mental health policy lies with the Department of Health and Social Security, not with the Home Office (the police and interior ministry).

  5. "M.I.6" is in reality the Secret Intelligence Service - the popular name dates from the Second World War, when it really was Military Intelligence - and it is rather odd that Hubbard's much-vaunted knowledge of intelligence did not extend to knowing the official name of his supposed enemy! Also, he does not appear to have realised that "M.I.6" has nothing to do with the Home Office but is instead administered through the Foreign Office. Hubbard may have confused it with "M.I.5", the Security Service, which is administered through the Home Office. However, this interpretation does not make much sense - "M.I.5" is responsible for domestic rather than overseas intelligence activity, so could not have been behind the international "covert operation" which Hubbard believed was being mounted against Scientology.

  6. Those subjected to Hubbard's "Fair Game" policy in this period would doubtless disagree, as would those thrown over the side of the Apollo for various misdemenors. See, for instance, Hubbard's 1965 bulletin on Amprinistics.

  7. xxxxxxxx Thompson;

  8. This article exposed for the first time Hubbard's former links with Aleister "The Beast 666" Crowley and Satanism. As was common practice at this time (see "Books and Entheta by SPs"), Scientology threatened to sue the Sunday Times for libel. Unsure of its legal position, the newspaper declined to retract the article but instead published a statement (written by Hubbard himself) which stated: "Hubbard broke up black magic in America . . . because he was well known as a writer and philosopher and had friends among the physicists, he was sent in to handle the situation. He went to live at the house and investigated the black magic rites and the general situation and found them very bad . . . Hubbard's mission was successful far beyond anyone's expectations. The house was torn down. Hubbard rescued a girl [Sara Northrup, later his second wife] they were using. The black magic group was dispersed and never recovered." This was of course untrue, and Mitchell's notably accurate article was vindicated 18 years later when Russell Miller documented the full story in chapter 7 of Bare-Faced Messiah.

  9. Mitchell was indeed on Corfu shortly before the Apollo was kicked out, and wrote an entertaining article for the Sunday Times entitled "Over the side go the erring Scientologists". However, Mary Sue Hubbard publicly claimed, in a letter to Sir John Foster dated 6 Nov 1969 (only four days after Ron's Aides Conference), that the "black magic tales" had been spread by the British Consul, Major John Forte - not mentioning Alexander Mitchell.

  10. This plainly is not true, as an examination of the lists of witnesses of those enquiries clearly shows.

  11. By Sun Tzu. Still required reading for Scientology executives connected with intelligence work (see Heber Jentszch's Full Hat Checksheet, 1988).

  12. See "Justice Actions - Dead Agenting" for more on the use of this tactic.

  13. Hubbard was wrong. At this time, Britain and Spain were locked in one of their periodic wrangles over the British colony of Gibraltar, which led to the Spanish blockading Gibraltar between 196x and 198x. But frosty relations were a long way from a state of war, and the dispute over Gibraltar (which is still unresolved) did not lead to a British veto of Spanish accession to NATO and the European Union.

  14. Minister of Health from 1967-69 under Labour premier Harold Wilson. Was the driving force behind British governmental action against Scientology, which culminated in a ban on the immigration of foreign Scientologists which lasted from 1968 to 1980. Hubbard is correct in saying that no substantive evidence was produced to justify the ban (and indeed, has never been produced - though the relevant papers, which are due for release in 1999, may shed some light on this peculiar lack).

  15. A strange claim, but typical of Hubbard's paranoid megalomania. Some of Robinson's Cabinet colleagues were certainly sceptical of his actions over Scientology (see Richard Crossman, Diaries of a Cabinet Minister), but there is absolutely no evidence that he was dropped from the Cabinet as a result of the Scientology affair.

  16. Revealingly, this was the definition adopted by the infamous Senator Joe McCarthy. Hubbard was, if anything, more McCarthyite than McCarthy (the latter did not denounce his wife to the FBI for alleged communist activity, unlike Hubbard). Hubbard's obsession with Communist plots also contrasts rather strangely with his public statement of indifference to politics.

  17. This is strikingly similar to a statement of Willi Muenzenburg, a 1930s German Communist, which is quoted in chapter 5, "International Communist Fronts", of The Assault on the West (Ian Greig, 1968) - a book which Hubbard is known to have read avidly: "We must penetrate every conceivable milieu, get hold of artists and professors, make use of theatres and cinemas, and spread abroad the doctrine that Russia is prepared to sacrifice everything to keep the world at peace.". Hubbard is quite clearly recycling the conspiracy theories propounded by Greig.

  18. This is a reference to the episode on Corfu on 6 March 1969, shortly before the Scientology fleet was expelled, when Marines from the USS Freemont and LST Grant Country sealed off the area of the harbour in which Hubbard's ships were berthed. The reason given was to prevent the Scientologists trying to recruit US Navy personnel, but Hubbard evidently saw it as being part of the plot against him.

  19. Hubbard had a special loathing for Truth newspaper. Following a series of critical articles about Scientology published in the newspaper during 1963-64 (virtually the first sustained press coverage of Scientology anywhere in the world), the Government of the State of Victoria set up the inquiry that was to report with such devastating consequences in 1965.

  20. Victor Gyory, apparently a genuine example of a victim of psychiatric abuses. The Church of Scientology later publicised his case in a pamphlet entitled The Victor Gyory Story.

  21. This may be a reference to the outcome of the New Zealand inquiry into Scientology, which a few months earlier had given the organization a relatively clean bill of health.

  22. Hubbard Explorational Company Ltd., a front group created in 1966 to provide a cover for the activities of the Sea Org. Its stated object was to "explore oceans, seas, lakes, rivers and waters, land and buildings in any part of the world and to seek for, survey, examine and test properties of all kinds." The vagueness was of course deliberate.

  23. See "The Jack Lundin affair".